World War I

1914

January 3

TR progresses up the Paraguay River, Brazil. Watches parakeets building their nests



February 27

Roosevelt-Rondon Expedition starts its descent of the River of Doubt



May 19

TR returns to NYC from South America. He is 35 pounds thinner than when he departed



May 26

TR calls on President Wilson while visiting the National Museum in Washington, DC

 

June 28

Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife are assassinated in Sarajevo

 

June 30

TR speaks at the Exposition Hall in Pittsburgh, PA. He attacks Wilson's economic policies

 

August

The Panama Canal is opened at a total cost to taxpayers of $223,000,000



August 1

Germany declares war on Russia. European war plans and alliance systems come into play

 

August 4

Germany declares war on neutral Belgium. England joins war



September 15

First trenches of the Western front are dug

 

September 23

TR article in the Outlook calls for support of the Wilson administration as long as the policy upheld the "honor and interests of our Nation" and was helpful in the cause of "permanent and righteous world peace."

 

November 6

When European war does not end in three months as widely prophesized, TR publishes the first of many syndicated articles openly critical of Wilson's neutrality.

1915

April 13

TR is a pallbearer at the funeral of Professor Thomas Lounsbury. Former president William Howard Taft is also a pallbearer.



May 7

U-boat sinks the Lusitania, killing 1,198 civilians including 128 Americans


June 17

TR writes to Arthur Lee about his frustration over the direction the U.S. is taking in the Lusitania affair




August 30

Germany stops sinking ships without warning

1916

March 9

In Port of Spain, Trinidad, TR makes a statement to the press, "I do not wish the [Republican] nomination ... It would be a mistake to nominate me unless the country has in its mood something of the heroic."


April 19

President Wilson publicly warns Germany not to continue unrestricted submarine warfare policies



July

Archie and Quentin are at Plattsburg, training for military service



October 12

TR protests the actions of the German submarine U-53 off American shores



November 7

Woodrow Wilson re-elected President of the United States with the campaign slogan: "He kept us out of war."

1917

January 28

TR answers Wilson's "Peace Without Victory" speech in the morning papers

 

February 1

Germany again declares unrestricted submarine warfare



February 20

TR writes to Henry Cabot Lodge about his doubts on Wilson going to war under any circumstances



April 6

US declares war on Germany



April 10

TR visits President Wilson at the White House. He asks for permission to lead a division of soldiers. Wilson denies his request.



June

TR's messages to soldiers appear in American Bible Society Soldier's Bibles



July 3

The first wave of the American Expeditionary Force lands in France



August

Ted is given a regular command in the 26th Infantry



September

Kermit becomes a captain in the British Corps of Sappers, Mesopotamia



October 23

American troops in France fire their first shot in trench warfare

1918

January 8

President Woodrow Wilson declares his 14 points as the path to permanent world peace

  March 3

Russian Bolsheviks sign a treaty leaving the war

 

March 12

Archie is badly wounded in France. One kneecap is severely damaged and his left arm is fractured. He receives the Croix de Guerre

  July 10

Quentin shoots down a German plane. He attacks three fighters at the same time

  July 18

Quentin dies in combat

  July 19

Ted is badly wounded by machine gun fire

  August 3

President Wilson agrees to co-operate with Allies in sending "volunteer" troops into Russia

  November 9

Abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II announced in Berlin

  November 11

Armistice signed by Germany

  December 4

Woodrow Wilson sets sail for the Paris Peace conference

1919 January 6

Roosevelt dies at Oyster Bay, NY

  February

Allies' military intervention in Russia is secretly agreed to

  September 25

Wilson collapses and his whistle-stop tour of the country is over

1920 March 19

Final rejection by US Senate of the Versailles Treaty with embedded League of Nations Covenant

1921 July

War with Germany finally declared over by Joint Resolution of Congress signed by Warren G. Harding