Theodore Roosevelt’s political career spanned more than three decades. He was elected to the New York State Assembly in 1881 and formed the Progressive Party in 1912. Learn more about the important topics, events, and people in Roosevelt’s political life.
The "Dear Maria" controversy concerned the separation of church and state in regards to President Roosevelt's endorsement of a Catholic archbishop for elevation to the position of cardinal.
Charles W. Fairbanks (1852-1918) served as Theodore Roosevelt’s vice president from the inaugural in 1905 until the end of Roosevelt’s four-year term in 1909.
Marcus Alonzo Hanna (1837-1904), a wealthy Ohio industrialist, political organizer, and United States Senator, epitomized the close relationship that existed between the titans of industry and politicians during America's Gilded Age.
David Bremner Henderson served as Speaker of the House of Representatives for the 56th and 57th Congresses—which included President Theodore Roosevelt’s first term—until Henderson’s surprise resignation in 1903.
Frances Kellor's national status as an immigration expert drew President Roosevelt’s attention and she became part of his “Female Brain Trust” with Jane Addams and Florence Kelley.
Robert “Fighting Bob” La Follette (1855-1925), a progressive reformer from Wisconsin, resisted the corrupt influence of railroads, utilities, and large corporations. Like other early twentieth century activists, he challenged fellow citizens to take control of the machinery of government.
Ruth Hanna McCormick Simms was a United States Representative from Illinois and a prominent advocate for women’s suffrage.
The Square Deal is the name given to Theodore Roosevelt’s domestic legislative program.