Culture and Society


During the Progressive Era, reformers focused on social, political and industrial problems in America. Roosevelt’s interests in reform were varied and included many issues pertaining to religion, fine arts and education. Learn more about the important initiatives of Roosevelt’s time, as well as the celebrity aspect of his presidency and his relationship with journalists.

Article List

Berryman, Clifford

Clifford Berryman (1869-1949) created the iconic teddy bear cartoon that is forever linked with Theodore Roosevelt.

Boy Scouting

Boy Scouting was founded in England by British war hero Robert Baden-Powell in 1908, the same year that Theodore Roosevelt left the presidency.


Collegiate football was less than a decade old in the United States when Theodore Roosevelt saw his very first game as a Harvard College undergraduate in 1876. This young sport soon came to be known for several troubling aspects, including excessive violence during play, fatalities on the field, the use of non-student athletes, recruiting scandals, and corrupt referees.

Groton School

Groton School is a prestigious, Episcopal, college preparatory boarding school located in the city of Groton, in far northern Massachusetts.

Louisiana Purchase Exposition

The Louisiana Purchase Exposition, commonly known as the St. Louis World’s Fair, took place in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1904. The Exposition commemorated the 100th anniversary of the Louisiana Purchase, coincided with the 1904 Olympic Games, and celebrated the United States’ new role as a world player.


Muckraker is the word used to describe any Progressive Era journalist who investigated and publicized social and economic injustices.

Our Teddy or The Fighting Roosevelts

Released to cinematic audiences two weeks after Theodore Roosevelt died on January 6, 1919, Our Teddy was the first commercial feature-length motion picture about the former president.

Riis, Jacob

Jacob Riis, a Danish immigrant, arrived in the United States in 1870 when he was twenty-one years old. Riis deplored the social conditions of the poor in New York City, and was active in bringing about anti-child labor and tenement reform laws.

Teddy Bear

The Teddy Bear, so beloved of children everywhere, was named for Theodore Roosevelt after he refused to shoot a defenseless bear on a hunting trip.

The Man in the Arena

Theodore Roosevelt delivered “Citizenship in a Republic” in Paris on April 23, 1910. The speech is popularly known as “The Man in the Arena.”