Boone and Crockett Club

The Boone and Crockett Club (1887-present) was the brainchild of Theodore Roosevelt and George Bird Grinnell, the editor of the influential magazine Forest and Stream. The two men feared that America’s large game was being overhunted to the point of extinction. Named after American frontiersmen Daniel Boone and Davy Crockett, the Boone and Crockett Club was organized in the fall of 1887 and officially begun in January of 1888. Theodore Roosevelt served as the Club’s first president. Membership was restricted to one hundred men, all of whom had to have shot three different large species of American wildlife, such as bear, bison, caribou, cougar, and moose. Boone and Crockett members pledged to promote rifle hunting as a sport, to preserve large game by gathering statistics on their numbers and range, and to lobby for protective legislation. The Club’s goals were broadcast through their publications, which Grinnell and Roosevelt edited, and through Grinnell’s commentaries in Forest and Stream. One of the Boone and Crockett’s initial successes was the Lacey Act of 1894, a federal bill to protect wildlife in Yellowstone National Park. Among the early members of the Club were Elliott Roosevelt, J. West Roosevelt, Aldo Leopold, William Tecumseh Sherman, and Gifford Pinchot. After 1898, Theodore Roosevelt’s active involvement in the Club declined as he devoted more time to his political career. The Boone and Crockett Club is still in existence today.