A-Z Index

Browse our articles in alphabetical order to learn more about the life of Theodore Roosevelt as well as people, places and events which took place during his lifetime and beyond. These articles have been written or reviewed by historians to ensure their accuracy.

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The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is an important civil rights organization founded in the final months of Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency.

National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes

The National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes (the National Urban League) was an important social welfare organization aimed at improving the lives of African Americans in northern cities. It formed in September 1910. The two people credited with creating the National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes were George Edmund Haynes, the first African American to earn a Ph.D. from Columbia University, and philanthropist Ruth Standish Baldwin, wife of the president of the Long Island Railroad.

Northern Securities Case

The Northern Securities Case reached the Supreme Court in 1904.  It was the first example of Roosevelt’s use of anti-trust legislation to dismantle a monopoly, in this case a holding company controlling the principal railroad lines from Chicago to the Pacific Northwest.