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At it again!

Description:

Pope Leo XIII climbs through a ballot box in an effort to get to the sign on the wall that states, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion--Constitution." Other notices pasted on a wall in the background state, "Every Catholic should rigidly adhere to the teachings of the Roman pontiffs..."; "All Catholics should do all in their power to cause the Constitutions of States and legislation to be modeled in the principles of the true church"; and "All Catholics ... must penetrate wherever possible in the administration of civil affairs." Each is noted as a "Papal Encyclical." Caption: Through the ballot-box to the Constitution.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Religion and politics; Ballot boxes; Catholic Church; Leo XIII, Pope, 1810-1903

Date: 1885-11-18

Roosevelt-Keane mass meeting

Description:

Program for a mass meeting "In the Interests of the Enforcement of Laws and a Proper Respect for the Lord's Day." Speakers include Bishop John J. Keane, president of the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., and New York City Police Commissioner Theodore Roosevelt. Program includes copies of the invitations extended to Roosevelt and Keane, proceedings of the meeting, and the text of the speeches.

Resource Type: Pamphlet

Subject: Meetings; Speeches, addresses, etc.; Religion and politics; Sunday legislation; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919

Date: 1895-09-11

The advance agent of modern civilization

Description:

William II, German Emperor, with wings fashioned out of swords, rides on a large cannon being pulled and pushed by members of the clergy. Among the crowd following in the background are two banners that state "Love One Another" and "Come and Be Saved; If You Don't ...."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Clergy; Militarism; Religion and politics; Civilization; William II, German Emperor, 1859-1941

Date: 1898-01-12

A modern crusade without fire and sword; - will it end in a rival establishment?

Description:

German emperor William II, wearing a two-tiered tiara, is welcomed by throngs of Arab Muslims who carry a banner that proclaims "Allah is Great, and William His Prophet." Across a narrow body of water, Pope Leo XIII, wearing the papal tiara, sits on St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Emperors; Popes; Crowns; Religion and politics; William II, German Emperor, 1859-1941; Leo XIII, Pope, 1810-1903

Date: 1898-11-16

The old "Americanism" good enough

Description:

Print shows Pope Leo XIII climbing the dome of the U.S. Capitol, carrying a cross. Uncle Sam tells him to come down. Caption: Uncle Sam--What are you going to do up there? / The Pope--I thought it was time to nail this cross over the dome. / Uncle Sam--Well, you come down! We've got a figure up there that will last for some time yet!

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Popes; Crosses; Domes; Religion and politics; United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.); Leo XIII, Pope, 1810-1903

Date: 1899-03-29

Her little enemies

Description:

Print shows a large female figure labeled "France" holding a flag that states "The Truth at Any Cost" and a fasces, while diminutive male figures tug at her dress. The latter are labeled "Militarism, Jesuitism, Imperialism, Orleanism, [and] Socialism."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Political science; Economics; Religion and politics; Fasces; Symbolism; France

Date: 1899-09-13

McKinley assassination and Jesuits

Description:

American Baptist Flag suggests that a Jesuit was involved in the assassination of William McKinley.

Resource Type: Newspaper article

Subject: Presidents--Assassination; Assassins; Crime--Religious aspects; Religion and politics; Jesuits; Catholic Church; McKinley, William, 1843-1901; Czolgosz, Leon F., 1873?-1901

Date: 1901

Letter from John Ireland to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Archbishop Ireland presents Pope Leo XIII's interest in the prosperity of the United States and the welfare of President Roosevelt.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Prayers; Religion and politics; International relations; Catholic Church. Curia Romana; Catholic Church; Leo XIII, Pope, 1810-1903; Rampolla del Tindaro, Mariano, 1843-1913

Date: 1901-09-21?

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to Owen Wister

Description:

President Roosevelt writes to Owen Wister about Thomas Paine. Roosevelt says he should not have referred to Paine as an atheist as Paine admitted the existence of an unknown God, although he denied there was a Christian God. Roosevelt notes that Paine did not leave his bed for several weeks and so "a swine in a sty was physically clean by comparison."

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Founding Fathers of the United States; Religion and politics; Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809

Date: 1901-09-25

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to John Ireland

Description:

President Roosevelt thanks Archbishop Ireland for the letter. Roosevelt believes that they share loyalty to the "great ideals of our great nation."

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Thank-you notes; Religion and politics

Date: 1901-09-27

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