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Hobson's choice - you can go or stay

Description:

A man wearing a hat labeled "Oregon," and holding two handguns, gives Chinese men a "Hobson's choice" or the option of leaving by jumping off a cliff into the sea below (on the right) or staying and being shot to death (on the left). At his feet is a "Treaty with China" torn in half.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Chinese; Race discrimination; Treaties; Oregon; China

Date: 1886-02-24

As the heathen see us -- a meeting of the Chinese foreign missions society

Description:

At a meeting in a Chinese mission, a collection is being taken up, "Contributions received here to save the foreign devils." Five accompanying vignettes show how the United States is viewed by the Chinese, including "Kentucky feuds," "Burning Negros at the stake," "Labor riots," "Anti-Chinese riots," and "New York City government" where the Tammany Tiger is shaking down a citizen. A sign on a wall in the mission states, "Help the Heathen."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: International relations; Missions; Race discrimination; African Americans; Violence; Riots; Homicide; Corruption; China

Date: 1900-11-21

Letter from T. R. Campbell to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

T. R. Campbell owns and operates a mill in North Carolina that is being boycotted because he hired African American employees and treated them well. He argues in favor of better treatment, but not social equality, for African Americans. Campbell requests funding so that he can continue his work and "make a great success for Christ and the Party."

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Finance, Personal; Race discrimination; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Politics and government; North Carolina

Date: 1901-08-24

Letter from Walter Howard Loving to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Walter Howard Loving has heard that African Americans will not be commissioned to serve with Filipino troops in the Philippines. As such, he requests an appointment as a messenger in the United States Senate.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Armed Forces--Officers; Armed Forces--African American troops; Military policy; Race discrimination; Messengers; Employees--Appointment, qualifications, tenure, etc.; Philippines; United States. Army; United States. Congress. Senate

Date: 1901-08-25

Letter from Claris Yeuell to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Claris Yeuell is the editor of a Republican newspaper in Alabama and a supporter of Vice President Roosevelt. He believes that efforts are being made to raise public sentiment against Roosevelt in the South in light of Roosevelt's upcoming trip to the region. The scheduled visit with Booker T. Washington is receiving a great deal of attention. Yeuell requests an interview with Roosevelt and is willing to publish anything to help Roosevelt's candidacy.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Press and politics; Politicians--Public opinion; Race discrimination; Interviews; Alabama; Southern States; Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915

Date: 1901-08-28

Letter from Frederick Funston to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

General Funston thanks Vice President Roosevelt for the congratulatory letter upon Funston's commission as a brigadier general. He regrets that his military service will prevent him from "whooping it up" for a Roosevelt presidential campaign in 1904. Funston reports that the situation in the Philippines is difficult and he wishes the army could use an "iron hand." He has a low opinion of Filipinos and doesn't believe they are currently suitable for self government.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Armed Forces--Officers; Generals; Presidents--Election; Political campaigns; Colonies--Administration; Insurgency--Government policy; Suffrage; Autonomy; Race discrimination; Philippines; Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930; White, William Allen, 1868-1944

Date: 1901-09-02

Letter from Booker T. Washington to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Booker T. Washington has investigated the conditions in Georgia and concluded that attacks against African American office holders are based on race and not character or ability. Washington also provides advice on government appointments in Alabama.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Employees--Appointment, qualifications, tenure, etc.; African Americans--Politics and government; Racism; Race discrimination; Georgia; Alabama

Date: 1901-10-04

Telegram from R. J. Belzer to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

R. J. Belzer chastises President Roosevelt for dining with a "negro." It is even worse because Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt was also at the dinner.

Resource Type: Telegram

Subject: Dinners and dining; Etiquette; Race discrimination; Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915; Roosevelt, Edith Kermit Carow, 1861-1948

Date: 1901-10-18

Letter from Murat Halstead to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Murat Halstead encloses some clippings from the London Times. He has been saddened to see the negative reaction to President Roosevelt's dinner with Booker T. Washington. Halstead recalls a dinner he had with Frederick Douglass who was a very "interesting gentleman."

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.); Race relations; Race discrimination; Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915; Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865

Date: 1901-10-18

Koester his own accuser

Description:

Newspaper article that uses George R. Koester's own articles about three lynchings in Gaston, South Carolina, to cast doubt on Koester's claims that he didn't participate in lynchings.

Resource Type: Newspaper article

Subject: Lynching; Race discrimination; Racism; Press and politics; Investigations; South Carolina; South Carolina--Gaston

Date: 1901-11-04

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