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The anti-Chinese wall

Description:

Print shows Uncle Sam using "Congressional Mortar" and building blocks carried by ethnic workers to construct a wall with the stones. The stones are labeled "Law against Race, Prejudice, Jealousy, Competition, Fear, Anti Low Wages, Non-Reciprocity, [and] Congressional Blunders." Across a river, in the background, Chinese workers work with picks to dismantle the Great Wall, as China opens its doors to trading with the West.  Caption: The American wall goes up as the Chinese original goes down.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Stone walls; Racism; Ethnicity; Foreign workers; China--Great Wall of China

Date: 1882-03-29

Speaker Keifer's kaleidoscopic speech, at the NewYork Chamber of Commerce banquet, held at Delmonico's, May 9, 1882

Description:

Print shows a vignette cartoon with a carriage at center in which Jay Gould, Russell Sage, Cyrus W. Field, and William H. Vanderbilt are riding with large money bags; the wheels are labeled "Corporations" and "Monopoly." The carriage is driven by an eagle dressed like Uncle Sam wearing a top hat labeled "1882" and carrying a whip labeled "Revenue Tariff." The carriage is pulled by an "Underpaid Workman," a "Starving Laborer," a "War Widow," a "Sewing Girl," an "Old Merchant," a "Poor Clerk," and a "Cripple,"among others, with ropes labeled "Tax." The surrounding vignettes show scenes of corruption, misfortune, presidential office seekers, Valley Forge, and "Charitable Institutions for the poor and unfortunate" from "Maine" to "California" showing buildings labeled "Poor House" and "Jail." Featured in these vignettes are such figures as Chester Alan Arthur, George M. Robeson, Samuel J. Tilden, Roscoe Conkling, John Kelly, Ulysses S. Grant, Benjamin F. Butler, and Joseph W. Keifer, as well as "Honest Labor, Patriotism, [and] Integrity."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Commerce; Corruption; Monopolies; Employees; Carriages and carts; Capitalists and financiers; Public speaking; New York (State); New York Chamber of Commerce; Arthur, Chester Alan, 1829-1886; Butler, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1818-1893; Conkling, Roscoe, 1829-1888; Gould, Jay, 1836-1892; Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885; Field, Cyrus W. (Cyrus West), 1819-1892; Keifer, Joseph Warren, 1836-1932; Kelly, John, 1821-1886; Robeson, George M. (George Maxwell), 1829-1897; Sage, Russell, 1816-1906; Tilden, Samuel J. (Samuel Jones), 1814-1886; Vanderbilt, William H. (William Henry), 1821-1885

Date: 1882-05-24

First annual picnic of the "Knights of Labor" - more fun for the spectators than for the performers

Description:

Print shows Jay Gould, William H. Vanderbilt, Cyrus Field, Russell Sage, and John Roach riding in a carriage past a crowd of laborers labeled "Knights of Labor" and "Pittsburg Free Strikers" who are watching a man labeled "Workingman" trying to climb a "Greased" pole carrying a child on his back and with a woman and child hanging from his belt. The pole is greased with "Monopoly Grease," at the top are "Higher Wages, Bread, Tobacco, Wine, [and] Ham." The view from the pole shows factories in the middle distance and the "Roach Monopolist Ship Builder" facility in the background.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Capitalists and financiers; Monopolies; Corruption; Wages; Cost and standard of living; Social classes; Employees; Knights of Labor; Gould, Jay, 1836-1892; Sage, Russell, 1816-1906; Vanderbilt, William H. (William Henry), 1821-1885; Field, Cyrus W. (Cyrus West), 1819-1892; Roach, John, 1813-1887

Date: 1882-06-21

On the convict labor bill

Description:

Theodore Roosevelt explains why he decided to vote "no" on the convict labor bill in a speech given before the New York State Assembly.

Resource Type: Speech

Subject: Speeches, addresses, etc.; Convict labor--Law and legislation; New York (State)

Date: 1883-04-18

The tournament of today - a set-to between labor and monopoly

Description:

Print shows a jousting tournament between an oversized knight riding horse-shaped armor labeled "Monopoly" over a locomotive, with a long plume labeled "Arrogance," and carrying a shield labeled "Corruption of the Legislature" and a lance labeled "Subsidized Press," and a barefoot man labeled "Labor" riding an emaciated horse labeled "Poverty,", and carrying a sledgehammer labeled "Strike." On the left is seating "Reserved for Capitalists" where Cyrus W. Field, William H. Vanderbilt, John Roach, Jay Gould, and Russell Sage are sitting. On the right, behind the labor section, are telegraph lines flying monopoly banners that are labeled "Wall St., W.U.T. Co., [and] N.Y.C. RR."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Capitalists and financiers; Labor unions; Monopolies; Avarice; Knights and knighthood; Tournaments, Medieval; Gould, Jay, 1836-1892; Sage, Russell, 1816-1906; Field, Cyrus W. (Cyrus West), 1819-1892; Roach, John, 1813-1887; Vanderbilt, William H. (William Henry), 1821-1885

Date: 1883-08-01

Hopelessly bound to the stake

Description:

A man labeled "Workman" is tied to a stake labeled "Monopoly" and sits on a flaming pile of logs with the faces of Jay Gould, William H. Vanderbilt, Russell Sage, Roscoe Conkling, Cyrus W. Field, Whitelaw Reid who breathes flames labeled "Monopoly Press," and Chauncey M. Depew who breathes flames labeled "Depew."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Capitalists and financiers; Working class; Monopolies; Public executions; Gould, Jay, 1836-1892; Sage, Russell, 1816-1906; Reid, Whitelaw, 1837-1912; Depew, Chauncey M. (Chauncey Mitchell), 1834-1928; Field, Cyrus W. (Cyrus West), 1819-1892; Vanderbilt, William H. (William Henry), 1821-1885

Date: 1883-08-15

The cave of despair

Description:

Jay Gould appears as a giant holding a large club labeled "Monopoly," sitting on rocks, gleefully watching a line of downtrodden people entering a cave labeled "Western Union Telegraph Company - All Hope Abandon, Ye Who Enter Here." On the horizon, the sun is labeled "Strike."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Monopolies; Despair; Caves; Giants--Folklore; Labor unions; Strikes and lockouts; Western Union Telegraph Company; Gould, Jay, 1836-1892

Date: 1883-08-29

The slave-market of to-day

Description:

Trade union laborers, some in chains labeled "High Tariff" and "Tariff," and one standing on a block labeled "Trade Unions," are being auctioned by a man labeled "Protectionist Statesman" to capitalists and manufacturers, including Cyrus W. Field and William H. Vanderbilt. In the background is a row of factories. A sign states "Quotations. Average wage for skilled workman $7 a Week or $359 a Year." Caption: "Going - going - lower - lower!"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Capitalists and financiers; Slave trade; Labor unions; Tariff; Factories; Chains; Vanderbilt, William H. (William Henry), 1821-1885; Field, Cyrus W. (Cyrus West), 1819-1892

Date: 1884-01-02

It works both ways

Description:

A man labeled "Labor Union" raises a large club labeled "Boycotting" over his head, about to strike a man labeled "Manufacturer" sitting behind a desk. In the process, he strikes a man labeled "Laborer" sitting on a chair behind him. On the wall in the background are two notices that state "Enforced Idleness for the Manufacturer" and "Enforced Idleness for the Laborer."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Labor unions; Labor; Businesspeople; Boycotts

Date: 1885-11-25

The absurdities of the boycott

Description:

A stupefied laborer reads a notice that states "You are hereby ordered to Boycott as follows. Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York Tribune, Straiton & Storms' Cigars, Thalia Theatre, All Fashionable Clothing Stores, All Turkish Baths, All Champagnes, by order of the Labor Union." All the items, other than the newspaper, are most likely beyond the common laborer's financial means. Caption: Bewildered Laborer "I guess the Labor Union is trying to make a fool of me!"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Labor unions; Labor; Boycotts; Working class

Date: 1885-12-30

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