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United States of America, complainant, v. Northern Securities Company, the Great Northern Railway Company, the Northern Pacific Railway Company, and others, defendants


Petition from the United States government laying out an antitrust case against the Northern Securities Company.

Resource Type: Legal document

Subject: Antitrust law; Antitrust investigations; Business and politics; Railroads and state; Railroads; Interstate commerce--Law and legislation; Trusts, Industrial; Northern Securities Company; Great Northern Railway Company (U.S.); Northern Pacific Railway Company

Date: 1901

Letter from Orville Hitchcock Platt to Theodore Roosevelt


After reviewing the relevant Supreme Court decisions, Senator Platt doubts state corporations that engage in interstate commerce can be compelled to make reports to government officials. He believes the decisions allow for the regulation of commerce but not the regulation of corporations engaging in commerce.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Interstate commerce--Law and legislation; Corporations--Law and legislation; Judgments; United States. Supreme Court

Date: 1901-11-13

Would regulate trusts


Text of a proposed amendment to the Constitution presented by Representative Jenkins to give Congress the power to regulate commerce with a supporting speech by Jenkins.

Resource Type: Report

Subject: Constitutional amendments; Interstate commerce--Law and legislation; Trade regulation; Trusts, Industrial; Speeches, addresses, etc.; United States. Congress; Constitution (United States); Jenkins, John James, 1843-1911

Date: 1901-12-19

Message of the President of the United States communicated to the two houses of Congress


Message given by President Roosevelt to Congress at the beginning of the second session of the Fifty-seventh Congress in which Roosevelt describes his legislative priorities for the year.

Resource Type: Book

Subject: Interstate commerce--Law and legislation; Monopolies; Antitrust law; Economic policy; Tariff--Law and legislation; Reciprocity (Commerce); International relations; Indians of North America; Irrigation; Cuba; Philippines; Panama--Panama Canal; Alaska; United States. Department of Commerce; United States. Post Office Department; United States. Navy

Date: 1902

Letter from A. J. Cassatt to Theodore Roosevelt


President Cassatt of the Pennsylvania Railroad encloses an amendment to the Interstate Commerce Act which enlarges the powers of the Interstate Commerce Commission and places railroads under government regulation. Cassatt supports the bill but does not believe that it will pass without active support from President Roosevelt.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Bills, Legislative; Railroads and state--Law and legislation; Interstate commerce--Law and legislation; Business and politics; United States. Interstate Commerce Commission; United States. Congress. Senate; Pennsylvania Railroad (Corporate Name); Elkins, Stephen B. (Stephen Benton), 1841-1911; Prouty, Charles A. (Charles Azro), 1853-1921; Cassatt, A. J. (Alexander Johnston), 1839-1906

Date: 1902-04-01

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to A. J. Cassatt


President Roosevelt is returning from the Charleston Exposition on Friday and would like to meet with A. J. Cassatt on Saturday. He would like to discuss the Interstate Commerce Bill and other matters.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: South Carolina Inter-State and West Indian Exposition; Legislation; Interstate commerce--Law and legislation; South Carolina--Charleston; Knox, Philander C. (Philander Chase), 1853-1921

Date: 1902-04-04

Address of President Roosevelt at Cincinnati, Ohio (prepared copy)


In the script for an economic policy speech to be delivered at the Cincinnati Music Hall before many captains of industry, President Roosevelt argues that the trusts are a natural result of the prosperity brought by the Industrial Revolution and that we cannot pride ourselves on progress while denouncing the men whose “commanding business ability” made it possible. He uses the example of how one can control the Mississippi River's flooding but not prevent it; therefore, America cannot end corporations but can and must study and regulate them. Roosevelt urges calm, informed evolution on the issue of trusts, not rancorous revolution. Labeling the “demagogic denunciation of wealth” to be unwholesome and even dangerous, he asserts that the public's objection to any corporation should be based on its conduct, not its size or wealth. Roosevelt opposes lifting tariffs for trust-made goods, as that would hurt smaller producers and wage workers more than the trusts. Since most trusts conduct interstate commerce, Roosevelt recommends federal oversight, calling for legislative solutions and perhaps a constitutional amendment. He reminds the crowd that, as part of the executive branch, he is limited in his ability to stop the trusts alone.

Resource Type: Speech

Subject: Flood control; Monopolies--Government policy; Savings banks--U.S. states; Tariff--Government policy; Trusts, Industrial--Government policy; Constitutional amendments; Interstate commerce--Law and legislation; Presidents--U.S. states; Executive power; Figures of speech; Mississippi River; Ohio--Cincinnati; Standard Oil Company; Constitution (United States)

Date: 1902-09-20

Summary of letter from Jeremiah Whipple Jenks


Jeremiah Whipple Jenks warns of a plan the Democrats will propose regarding trust legislation. They will recommend a bill for the "voluntary incorporation by the Federal Government of corporations doing an interstate business."

Resource Type: Report

Subject: Business and politics; Antitrust law; Incorporation--Law and legislation; Interstate commerce--Law and legislation; Democratic Party (U.S.); Jenks, Jeremiah Whipple, 1856-1929

Date: 1903-02-02

A back-yard farce


Cartoon depicts President Roosevelt, in the GOP back-yard, standing atop a box which is on top of a barrel and leaning over a fence. His comments are directed at Attorney General Knox who is holding a paddle labeled "Sherman and Interstate Commerce Laws."  Knox is about to paddle the rear end of a very large boy who is labeled "The Trust." This boy has his head turned to the right and is broadly smiling with his right hand slightly covering it. The left hand of the boy is protecting his rear end. Caption: "Roosevelt (to Knox): Make all the noise you can; but remember, we can't afford to hurt him."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Antitrust law; Interstate commerce--Law and legislation; Knox, Philander C. (Philander Chase), 1853-1921; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919

Date: 1903-05-04

S. 3937


A bill introduced by Senator Foraker that would relax some provisions from previously passed commerce legislation. The bill was referred to the Committee on Interstate Commerce.

Resource Type: Legislation

Subject: Interstate commerce--Law and legislation; Bills, Legislative; United States. Congress. Senate; United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interstate Commerce

Date: 1904-01-29

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