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The innocents

Description:

Print shows a group of African American men. One, standing at center, is wearing a hat labeled "Judge Whitewashed," and the others are wearing hats labeled "Whitewasher No. 1, No. 2, No. 3, No. 4, No. 5, No. 6, No. 7, and Whitewasher No. 8." They are standing in front of a cabin labeled "Capitol at Albany." The eight whitewashers gesture toward the central figure. Caption: "He hain't seen nuffin o' yer chickens - he's as innercent as we is!"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: African Americans; Corruption; African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc.; New York (State)--Albany

Date: 1882-06-07

A family party - the 200th birthday of the healthiest of Uncle Sam's adopted children

Description:

Uncle Sam stands at the head of a table at a dinner party in honor of the "Bi-Centennial Celebration of the First German Settlement." Columbia sits next to him. Around the table are a "Spaniard, Swede, German, Englishman, Russian, Chinese, Irishman" and at the far end an "Italian" hurdy-gurdy man, also a "French" chef entering on the left, carrying a large peacock on a tray, and an African American servant spilling trays of food on the Englishman and the Chinese man. In a cradle on the floor next to Columbia are two infants labeled "Malagasy" and "Corean." Uncle Sam is offering a toast to the well-dressed German man standing at center. Puck, standing on the front side of the table, holding his lithographic pencil, offers a bouquet of flowers. Hanging from a garland on the wall in the background, beneath the heading "Germantown 1683-1883," are portraits of Baron von "Steuben," George "Washington," and Marquis de "Lafayette."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Columbia (Symbolic character); African Americans--Employment; International relations--Centennial celebrations, etc.; Dinners and dining; Toasts; Organ grinders; Washington, George, 1732-1799; Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834; Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin, Baron von, 1730-1794

Date: 1883-10-03

John A. Logan in 1859

Description:

John Alexander Logan stands at center, holding a paper that states "No Interference with Slave-Hunters!" and looking over his left shoulder at two slave hunters rounding up a family of fugitive slaves. A similar scene is repeated in the background. Abraham Lincoln, William H. Seward, and Charles Sumner are standing on the left, watching in anger and with restraint. Caption: "You call it the dirty work of the Democratic Party to catch fugitive slaves for the Southern people. WE are willing to perform that dirty work." --John Alexander Logan, in the Illinois State Legislature, Dec. 9th, 1859.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: African Americans--Civil rights; Fugitive slaves; Bounty hunters; Logan, John Alexander, 1826-1886; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872; Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874

Date: 1884-07-09

The bogus workingman and his lonesome boom

Description:

Benjamin F. Butler is a laborer standing next to a box of "Tools for Exhibition Purposes," with "Butler's Valet" next to him. At the valet's feet are papers labeled "R. R. Stock [and] Monopolists' fees" and behind him is a safe labeled "Bonds." Butler is holding papers labeled "Speech." Through a window is seen a tattered man standing next to signs that state "Grand Butler Mass Meeting" and "Please Keep Order and Don't Crowd." Caption: Butler (to his valet) - "Keep an eye on the valuables, while I go out and address the mass-meeting!"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Domestics; Valets; Public speaking; African Americans--Employment; Deception; Presidents--Elections; Butler, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1818-1893

Date: 1884-09-10

The four Rips; or, twenty years behind the age

Description:

Uncle Sam is seated at a table in front of "Uncle Sam's Inter-State Market," with a businessman labeled "Northern Capital" on the right and an agricultural producer labeled "Southern Goods - Cotton, Sugar, Tobacco, Whiskey" on the left. Standing before the table are James G. Blaine labeled "Bloody Shirt," and John Sherman, Whitelaw Reid, and Joseph B. Foraker, who all have long flowing hair and beards like Rip Van Winkle. Blaine is leaning on a rifle labeled "Shot Gun." Two young African American men are sitting on a bale of cotton and a keg of "Tobacco" in the lower right corner, and in the middle ground African Americans are harvesting cotton. In the background, along the shores of a harbor, is a prosperous city. Caption: Uncle Sam "My fossil friends, the War ended twenty years ago. Have you been sleeping ever since?"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: American Civil War (1861-1865); Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Van Winkle, Rip (Fictitious character); Sectionalism (United States); Businesspeople; African Americans--Civil rights; Commerce; Older people; Beards; Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893; Sherman, John, 1823-1900; Reid, Whitelaw, 1837-1912; Foraker, Joseph Benson, 1846-1917

Date: 1885-09-16

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to Horace Elisha Scudder

Description:

Commissioner Roosevelt is glad Horace Elisha Scudder likes his book. He suggests some other books for The Atlantic Monthly to review. Includes original and copy.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Books--Reviews; Indians of North America--Books and reading; African Americans as literary characters; Atlantic Monthly Press

Date: 1895-01-08

The lynching problem

Description:

Print shows a southern vigilante holding a rope with a noose and a "Sheriff" holding a paper that states "2000 dollars must be paid by the county, for each lynching. Law of South Carolina." An African American man cowers behind the sheriff. A large building labeled "Courthouse" is in the background. Caption: If motives of humanity and justice won't stop them, may be this will.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: African Americans--Civil rights; Lynching; Sheriffs; Legislation; Courthouses; Vigilance committees; South Carolina

Date: 1899-06-14

State convention colored citizens

Description:

The state convention of African American Republican voters will meet in Austin, Texas, on October 24, 1899. The convention will be comprised of one delegate for every 150 African American men.

Resource Type: Newspaper article

Subject: Race relations--Political aspects; African Americans--Politics and government; Equality before the law--U.S. states; Community organization--Management; Political party organization; Texas--Austin

Date: 1899-08-31

Letter from Elihu Root to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Elihu Root is responding to suggestions Theodore Roosevelt has previously provided regarding open army appointments. Root is still completing the decision process and will contact Roosevelt if he needs more names.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Armed Forces--African Americans; United States. Army; Wood, Leonard, 1860-1927

Date: 1899-09-11

In Georgia

Description:

Illustration showing an African American family on a small farm. In the background, a group of men, carrying rifles and a length of rope, are heading into a wooded area. Caption: Pete. -- Am dis much bettah dan de ole slav'ry days, Uncle Tom? Uncle Tom. -- I dunno, zac'ly. In dem times we wuz too valy'ble to be lynched!

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: African Americans; Punishment; Torture; Lynching; Georgia

Date: 1900-04-11

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