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Letter from Hermann Speck von Sternburg to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Hermann Speck von Sternburg thanks Theodore Roosevelt for his interesting letter, and is glad to hear that Roosevelt's family is doing so well. Sternburg believes that with regards to South America, the Monroe Doctrine was very beneficial in helping create peace, and wishes that some nation, or group of nations would establish a similar doctrine over China. He suggests that Roosevelt propose a Roosevelt doctrine when his time comes "in a few years," in conjunction with Japan in order to check other powers in China. Sternburg briefly comments on the continuation of the South African War, and the use of Indian troops in the British army, both in the South African war, as well as in any potential war in Europe. He remarks upon Gurkhas as being especially strong fighters, and discusses some of the situations in Nepal, Tibet, and Afghanistan, as well as an upcoming visit to the Maharajah of Jaipur. Sternburg also writes about the public reception of speeches by Roosevelt and Henry Cabot Lodge, and discusses his recent return to Berlin from Washington when his term as diplomat to the United States finished, with a suggestion that any sort of strong pressure aiming towards his return to the United States would likely be met with good results.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: South African War (1899-1902); Monroe doctrine; Gurkha soldiers; Buddhists; Muslims; Diplomatic and consular service; South America; China; Japan; England; Nepal; India; Europe; Asia; Afghanistan; Afghanistan--Kabul; India--Jaipur; Washington (D.C.); New York (State)--Buffalo; Russia; China--Tibet; Germany; Germany--Berlin; Kitchener, Horatio Herbert Kitchener, Earl, 1850-1916; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1887-1944; Chamberlain, Joseph, 1836-1914; Hay, John, 1838-1905; William II, German Emperor, 1859-1941

Date: 1901-09-01

Letter from Hermann Speck von Sternburg to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

The South African War has increased interest in mounted infantry in Europe and India, with some even advocating for a full army to be mounted. The gloomy news from South Africa is difficult, especially since many of the British admire the Boers. The British are seeking to get their candidate on the throne of Afghanistan but Russia is opposing them with its own influence. There are also tensions in the Persian Gulf as Britain seeks to protect its interests and Germany desires access to Kuwait Harbor as the terminus of the Anatolian railroad. There is a great deal of interest about President Roosevelt in India.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: South African War (1899-1902); International relations; Geopolitics; Great powers--Foreign relations; Afrikaners; War--Public opinion; Africa, Southern; Great Britain; India; Afghanistan; Russia; Germany; Persian Gulf; Kuwait

Date: 1901-10-09

Letter from Hermann Speck von Sternburg to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Hermann Speck von Sternburg would like to serve in Washington, D.C., more than anywhere else, but his return depends on President Roosevelt. Sternburg reviews Russia's actions in Asia, including its preoccupation with Afghanistan and a blockade of Persian railways.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Diplomatic and consular service, German; International relations; Great powers--Foreign relations; Canals, Interoceanic; Germany; Washington (D.C.); Russia; India; Afghanistan; Iran

Date: 1901-11-08

Letter from Freiherr von Sternburg to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Freiherr von Sternburg writes from Simla in British India. Under Viceroy Curzon, India has had a prosperous year. Sternburg finds Curzon to be extravagant, but he is also an effective leader and is making a great deal of progress in India. Afghanistan is calm under Amir Habibullah Khan but Russian and French ambitions in India remain suspect. Discussions of China and trade and commerce also receive mention in this letter. Sternburg believes that India could become a strong industrial power, as it has iron ore and coal reserves, but no means to transport it.  He discusses several different railroad projects in this very long letter, which also states his happiness that Ted Roosevelt's health is improving.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: International relations; International trade; Railroads; Iron industry and trade; India--Simla; India; Great Britain; China; Russia; Afghanistan; Germany; France; China--Yangtze River; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1887-1944; Roosevelt, Edith Kermit Carow, 1861-1948; Curzon of Kedleston, George Nathaniel Curzon, Marquess, 1859-1925; Ḥabibullah Khān, Amir of Afghanistan, -1919

Date: 1902-04-18

Letter from Carl Abel

Description:

To augment his previous letter, Carl Abel tells his "dear friend"  that Japan seems unwilling to accept the truce proposed by Russia in the newspaper article. He goes on to speculate on the international relations consequences of the possible outcomes of the conflict.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905); International relations; Diplomatic negotiations in international disputes; Naval strategy; Naval maneuvers; China; Japan; Mongolia; Afghanistan; Russia; England; Nicholas II, Emperor of Russia, 1868-1918

Date: 1904-09-25

Letter from Charles Oman to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Charles Oman thanks President Roosevelt for recommending the writings of David-Leon Cahun, and discusses historical military strategies from the Mongols, the Islamic Empire in the 13th century, and horsebowman, in particular.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Mongols; Libraries; Turks; Strategy; Franks; Manuscripts, Persian; Horsemanship; Archers; Military historians; Scotland--Highlands; Russia (Federation)--Novgorod; Russia; Afghanistan; Iran; Middle East--Euphrates River Valley; Russia (Federation)--Volga River Valley; Egypt; Syria; Middle East--Jerusalem; Gaza Strip--Gaza; Islamic Empire; Christian Crusaders; Cahun, David-Léon, 1841-1900; Timur, 1336-1405

Date: 1905-08-22

Letter from Whitelaw Reid to Edith Roosevelt

Description:

Ambassador Reid writes to First Lady Edith Roosevelt, describing three dinners he recently attended which were hosted by the Chinese Minister, the Pilgrim's Society, and the Royal Geographical Society, respectively. Reid includes anecdotes about British politicians like Prime Minister Campbell-Bannerman, Winston Churchill, Augustine Birrell, John Morley, and George Curzon. Reid also references issues associated with the Education bill, the administration of India, "trouble" in Natal, and negotiations with Russia over Seistan. Reid felt that the details he included might be of interest to Roosevelt.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Ambassadors; Authorship; Colonial administrators; Colonies--Administration; Debates and debating; Dinners and dining; Diplomatic and consular service; Dissenters, Religious; Education--Religion; Explorers; Extemporaneous speaking; Ghostwriting; Imperialism--British colonies; International relations; Speeches, addresses, etc.; Wit and humor; Afghanistan; Asia--Sistan; China; England--Bristol; Great Britain; India; Iran; Ireland; Russia; Scotland--Edinburgh; South Africa--KwaZulu-Natal; American Geographic Society; Church of England; Geographical Society of Philadelphia; Great Britain. Cabinet Office; Great Britain. India Office; Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons; Indian Civil Service; Labour Party (Great Britain); Royal Geographical Society (Great Britain); Benckendorff, Aleksandr Konstantinovich, Count, 1849-1917; Birrell, Augustine, 1850-1933; Campbell-Bannerman, Henry, Sir, 1836-1908; Cambon, Pierre Paul, 1843-1924; Churchill, Winston, 1874-1965; Curzon of Kedleston, George Nathaniel Curzon, Marquess, 1859-1925; Davidson, Randall Thomas, 1848-1930; Milner, Alfred Milner, Viscount, 1854-1925; Morley, John, 1838-1923; Reid, Elisabeth Mills, 1858-1931; Roberts, Frederick Sleigh Roberts, Earl, 1832-1914; Root, Elihu, 1845-1937

Date: 1906-04-12

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