William Wingate Sewall (1845-1930) was the first child born to Levi and Rebecca Sewall in Island Falls, Maine. Sewall’s childhood was spent hunting and exploring in the Maine woods. His love for those forests stayed with Sewall throughout his life.
President Theodore Roosevelt worked to improve diplomatic relations between the United States and the Empire of Japan. Two important steps in this direction were made by his helping to end the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) and his arranging to have the Great White Fleet visit Tokyo (October 1908). The Root-Takahira Agreement (November 1908) was a third.
In his annual message to Congress on December 6, 1904, President Theodore Roosevelt made a significant addition to the Monroe Doctrine affecting America’s foreign policy.
The United States Senate ratified the Hay-Herrán Treaty on March 17, 1903.
Robert “Fighting Bob” La Follette (1855-1925), a progressive reformer from Wisconsin, resisted the corrupt influence of railroads, utilities, and large corporations. Like other early twentieth century activists, he challenged fellow citizens to take control of the machinery of government.
Marcus Alonzo Hanna (1837-1904), a wealthy Ohio industrialist, political organizer, and United States Senator, epitomized the close relationship that existed between the titans of industry and politicians during America's Gilded Age.
The 1917 East St. Louis, Illinois, race riot was one of the deadliest race riots in American history. The riot’s official death toll was 39 African Americans and nine whites, although some estimates put the death toll as high as two hundred.
Margaret Barr Roberts (1853-1938) was a rancher, an entrepreneur, a single mother, and a friend to Theodore Roosevelt.
Arthur T. Packard (1860-1931) was a frontier newspaperman, law enforcement officer, and friend to Theodore Roosevelt.
The National Consumers League (NCL) was founded in New York City in 1899 by two well-known Progressive Era civic activists, Jane Addams and Josephine Lowell.
John Flammang Schrank (March 5, 1876-September 15, 1943) attempted to assassinate Theodore Roosevelt on October 14, 1912.
Released to cinematic audiences two weeks after Theodore Roosevelt died on January 6, 1919, Our Teddy was the first commercial feature-length motion picture about the former president.
Theodore Roosevelt delivered “Citizenship in a Republic” in Paris on April 23, 1910. The speech is popularly known as “The Man in the Arena.”
The National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes (the National Urban League) was an important social welfare organization aimed at improving the lives of African Americans in northern cities. It formed in September 1910. The two people credited with creating the National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes were George Edmund Haynes, the first African American to earn a Ph.D. from Columbia University, and philanthropist Ruth Standish Baldwin, wife of the president of the Long Island Railroad.
Clifford Berryman (1869-1949) created the iconic teddy bear cartoon that is forever linked with Theodore Roosevelt.
The Louisiana Purchase Exposition, commonly known as the St. Louis World’s Fair, took place in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1904. The Exposition commemorated the 100th anniversary of the Louisiana Purchase, coincided with the 1904 Olympic Games, and celebrated the United States’ new role as a world player.
The River of Doubt was Roosevelt’s last great adventure and, as he called it, his “last chance to be a boy.” After his defeat in the 1912 election, Roosevelt looked to his familiar pattern of adventure as therapy. Following an invitation to speak in Buenos Aires, Roosevelt gathered a party to explore the uncharted Rio da Duvida (“River of Doubt”) in Brazil. Kermit Roosevelt, American naturalist George Cherrie, and Colonel Candido Mariano de Silva Rondon were among his companions. Their mission was to chart the unknown river and to collect specimens for the Museum of Natural History.
Jacob Riis, a Danish immigrant, arrived in the United States in 1870 when he was twenty-one years old. Riis deplored the social conditions of the poor in New York City, and was active in bringing about anti-child labor and tenement reform laws.
The Platt Amendment established the framework for U.S.-Cuban relations between 1901 and 1934. It was devised by a congressional subcommittee chaired by Senator Orville Platt of Connecticut. The amendment limited Cuba’s treaty-making powers, restricted Cuba’s foreign debts, gave the U.S. the right to intervene to preserve Cuban independence, allowed a U.S. naval base at Guantánamo Bay, and initiated sanitation and health care efforts designed to lure U.S. investors to the island.
The Venezuela debt crisis began in 1901 when Cipriano Castro, Venezuela’s president, defaulted on millions of dollars in bonds owed to European nations.
Corinne “Conie” Roosevelt Robinson was the fourth child of Theodore Roosevelt, Sr., and Martha Bulloch Roosevelt.
Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt, nicknamed “Ellie” or “Nell,” was the third child of Theodore Roosevelt, Sr., and Martha (Mittie) Bulloch Roosevelt. He was also the father of First Lady Anna Eleanor Roosevelt and the younger brother of President Theodore Roosevelt.
Robert Barnwell (Barnhill) Roosevelt was the fourth son of Cornelius Van Schaack Roosevelt and Margaret Barnhill Roosevelt as well as the uncle of President Theodore Roosevelt. He was a prominent New York lawyer, public servant, diplomat, writer, and conservationist.
Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt was the third son of Theodore and Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt.
Theodore Roosevelt’s four sons inherited their father’s burning desire to serve in uniform when duty called. Given their father’s heroics during his own crowded hour, it would have been nearly impossible for TR’s sons not to test themselves in the crucible of battle.
Theodore Roosevelt, Sr., was the fifth son of Cornelius Van Schaack Roosevelt, a prosperous New York merchant, and Margaret Barnhill Roosevelt.
Kermit Roosevelt was the precocious second son of Theodore and Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt.
Martha “Mittie” Bulloch, the mother of President Theodore Roosevelt and grandmother of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, was the daughter of James Stephens Bulloch and Martha Stewart Elliott Bulloch.
Theodore (Ted) Roosevelt, Jr., was the eldest son of Theodore and Edith Kermit Roosevelt.
The “White House Gang” was a name created by President Theodore Roosevelt to describe an adventuresome group of conspirators led by Quentin Roosevelt, the youngest of TR’s children.