Roosevelt, Archibald Bulloch

 

Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt (1894-1979) was the third son of Theodore and Edith Kermit Roosevelt.  He married Grace Stackpole Lockwood of Boston on April 14, 1917.  Archie and Grace lived in Cold Spring Harbor, New York, with their four children, Archibald Jr., Theodora, Nancy, and Edith.

Archibald, nicknamed “Archie” and “Archikins,” attended local public schools in Oyster Bay and Washington, D.C., until he was old enough to enroll in the Groton School in Massachusetts.  Unlike Ted and Kermit, however, Archie left Groton after criticizing the school’s headmaster.  As a result, Archie continued his secondary studies at Phillips Academy.  Like his father and brothers before him, Archie attended Harvard where he played a leading role in the preparedness movement on campus.  He also participated in General Leonard Wood’s 1915 summer training school for reserve officers in Plattsburg, New York.  

Following his June 1916 Harvard graduation, Archie accepted a position with the Bigelow Carpet Company.  During World War I, Archie served as an Infantry Captain with the 26th Infantry Regiment, First Division.  Archie, subsequently discharged from military service with 100 percent disability, received several citations for bravery, including France’s Croix de guerre. 

After the war Archie held a variety of executive positions with various oil and petroleum firms.  Tainted by his affiliation with Harry F. Sinclair during the Teapot Dome scandal, Archie severed all ties with the Sinclair Consolidated Oil Company.  He subsequently enjoyed a long and successful career in finance, eventually founding Roosevelt and Cross, a New York investment firm specializing in municipal bonds. 

In 1942, Archie asked FDR, his distant cousin, for a military commission.  During World War II Lieutenant Colonel Roosevelt commanded a battalion of the 162nd Infantry, 41st Division in New Guinea through 1943 and into early 1944.  Archie, a decorated war hero for the second time, received the Silver Star with Bronze Oak Leaf Custer.  Interestingly, Archie Roosevelt was the only United States soldier to have received 100 percent disability as a result of wounds sustained in both world wars.

During the Cold War, Archie used his considerable resources and influence to support a wide array of conservative causes, most notably the John Birch Society.  In 1971 Grace died in a tragic automobile accident.  Archie died eight years later on October 13, 1979.  He is buried near other family members at Young’s Memorial Cemetery in Oyster Bay, New York.