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Theodore Roosevelt maintained a life-long commitment to preserving natural resources. He played a key role in the creation or enlargement of 150 national forests, the creation of 51 federal bird refuges, four national game preserves, six national parks, and 18 national monuments.

Article List

Pinchot, Gifford

Gifford Pinchot promoted conservationism—the efficient management of natural resources by trained professionals. He was the first head of the U.S. Forest Service, appointed by President Theodore Roosevelt.

Muir, John

President Roosevelt and John Muir

John Muir crusaded to stop the despoilment of natural places by western cattle and sheep ranchers and was instrumental in the creation of Yosemite and other national parks such as Grand Canyon, Petrified Forest, Mount Rainier, and Sequoia.  His efforts culminated in the founding of the Sierra Club in 1892.

Grinnell, George Bird

George Bird Grinnell was raised in New York where his family lived for a time on the former estate of John James Audubon.

Burroughs, John

Theodore Roosevelt and John Burroughs at Fort Yellowstone in 1903. From the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs division.

John Burroughs  was one of several naturalists whom Theodore Roosevelt knew because of his role in the evolving conservation movement of the early twentieth century.

Boone and Crockett Club

The Boone and Crockett Club was the brainchild of Theodore Roosevelt and George Bird Grinnell, the editor of the influential magazine Forest and Stream.

Antiquities Act of 1906

Grand Canyon

The Antiquities Act of 1906 gave either the President or Congress authority to set aside historic landmarks and other objects of historic and scientific interest, protecting them from looting and destruction. President Roosevelt used the Act to designate many sites, including the Grand Canyon, as national monuments.