A-Z Index

Browse our articles in alphabetical order to learn more about the life of Theodore Roosevelt as well as people, places and events which took place during his lifetime and beyond. These articles have been written or reviewed by historians to ensure their accuracy.

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1917 East Saint Louis, Illinois, race riot

The 1917 East St. Louis, Illinois, race riot was one of the deadliest race riots in American history. The riot’s official death toll was 39 African Americans and nine whites, although some estimates put the death toll as high as two hundred. 

Aldrich, Nelson Wilmarth

Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich was the powerful senior Republican Senator from Rhode Island during Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency.

Anthracite Coal Strike

The Anthracite Coal Strike, which took place from May to October 1902, began after mine operators refused to meet with representatives of the United Mine Workers of America.

Antiquities Act of 1906

The Antiquities Act of 1906 gave either the President or Congress authority to set aside historic landmarks and other objects of historic and scientific interest, protecting them from looting and destruction. President Roosevelt used the Act to designate many sites, including the Grand Canyon, as national monuments.

Bell, John Graham

John Graham Bell (1812-1889) was the taxidermist from Tappan, New York, who taught young Theodore Roosevelt how to preserve animals for collection and display and who may have first mentioned to him the bison roaming the Dakota prairies.

Berryman, Clifford

Clifford Berryman (1869-1949) created the iconic teddy bear cartoon that is forever linked with Theodore Roosevelt.

Billings, Frederick

Frederick Billings, president of the Northern Pacific Railroad, was a driving influence to that railroad's expansion across North Dakota.

Boone and Crockett Club

The Boone and Crockett Club was the brainchild of Theodore Roosevelt and George Bird Grinnell, the editor of the influential magazine Forest and Stream.

Boy Scouting

Boy Scouting was founded in England by British war hero Robert Baden-Powell in 1908, the same year that Theodore Roosevelt left the presidency.

Brownsville Incident

The Brownsville Incident (1906) resulted in the wounding of one white civilian and the death of another. President Roosevelt discharged without honor the entire 25th Infantry, 167 African-American soldiers – a decision that might be deemed one of the worst mistakes of his presidency.

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