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A-Z Index

Browse our articles in alphabetical order to learn more about the life of Theodore Roosevelt as well as people, places and events which took place during his lifetime and beyond. These articles have been written or reviewed by historians to ensure their accuracy.

Article List
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1917 East Saint Louis, Illinois, race riot

The 1917 East St. Louis, Illinois, race riot was one of the deadliest race riots in American history. The riot’s official death toll was 39 African Americans and nine whites, although some estimates put the death toll as high as two hundred. 

Aldrich, Nelson Wilmarth

Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich was the powerful senior Republican Senator from Rhode Island during Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency.

Anthracite Coal Strike

The Anthracite Coal Strike, which took place from May to October 1902, began after mine operators refused to meet with representatives of the United Mine Workers of America.

Antiquities Act of 1906

Grand Canyon

The Antiquities Act of 1906 gave either the President or Congress authority to set aside historic landmarks and other objects of historic and scientific interest, protecting them from looting and destruction. President Roosevelt used the Act to designate many sites, including the Grand Canyon, as national monuments.

Berryman, Clifford

Berryman Cartoon with Lion

Clifford Berryman (1869-1949) created the iconic teddy bear cartoon that is forever linked with Theodore Roosevelt.

Billings, Frederick

Frederick Billings, president of the Northern Pacific Railroad, was a driving influence to that railroad's expansion across North Dakota.

Boone and Crockett Club

The Boone and Crockett Club was the brainchild of Theodore Roosevelt and George Bird Grinnell, the editor of the influential magazine Forest and Stream.

Brownsville Incident

The Brownsville Incident (1906) resulted in the wounding of one white civilian and the death of another. President Roosevelt discharged without honor the entire 25th Infantry, 167 African-American soldiers – a decision that might be deemed one of the worst mistakes of his presidency.

Burroughs, John

Theodore Roosevelt and John Burroughs at Fort Yellowstone in 1903. From the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs division.

John Burroughs  was one of several naturalists whom Theodore Roosevelt knew because of his role in the evolving conservation movement of the early twentieth century.

Cannon, Joseph Gurney

Joseph Gurney Cannon was the influential Republican Speaker of the House of Representatives during most of Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency.


The cantonment was an abandoned army compound on the west bank of the Little Missouri River that served as a hunting lodge and headquarters at the time Theodore Roosevelt first appeared in Dakota Territory.

Cowles, Anna Roosevelt

Anna Roosevelt Cowles was Theodore Roosevelt’s elder sister.  Born in the family’s brownstone at 28 East 20th Street in New York City, she was always known as Bye or Bamie.

Dear Maria Controversy

The "Dear Maria" controversy concerned the separation of church and state in regards to President Roosevelt's endorsement of a Catholic archbishop for elevation to the position of cardinal.

Derby, Ethel Carow Roosevelt

Ethel Roosevelt with her mother Edith in 1900. From the Roosevelt family albums, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs division.

Ethel Carow Roosevelt Derby was the daughter of Theodore and Edith Kermit Roosevelt.

Dewey, George

George Dewey

George Dewey (1837-1917) was an American naval officer whose victory over the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay in 1898 made him a national hero.

Du Bois, W. E. B.

W. E. B. Du Bois was an influential African-American sociologist, writer, and leader during Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency and afterward.

Elkins Act

The Elkins Act of 1903 was named for Senator Stephen B. Elkins of West Virginia. This piece of legislation was championed by the Pennsylvania Railroad as a way to end the practice of rebates.

Ferris, Joseph

Joe Ferris was a hunting guide, a shopkeeper, and a friend of Theodore Roosevelt in the badlands of Dakota Territory.

Foley, James

James Foley was a contemporary of Theodore Roosevelt in the badlands of Dakota Territory. He was a poet, a journalist, and a secretary to North Dakota political figures.

Gompers, Samuel

Samuel Gompers was a labor leader who was elected president of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) at its creation in 1886.

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