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Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to Alice Lee Roosevelt

Description:

Theodore Roosevelt expresses how much he misses his wife Alice and doesn't like going to bed without her. His sister Corinne Roosevelt came home "bluer than indigo."

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Love; Spouses; Depression in women; Robinson, Corinne Roosevelt, 1861-1933

Date: 1881-03-28

The gentler sex - charity for the drunken brother, contempt for the unfortunate sister

Description:

Print shows three fashionably dressed women helping a drunken man on the sidewalk, one holds a paper that states "Total Abstinence Pledge - Sign and Be Saved"; a pathway leads toward the "Drunkard's Nursery and Palatial Asylum". Behind them, up the sidewalk, a woman carrying an infant is turned away from the "Woman's Home" where a window is labeled "Charity". A young bootblack gestures toward her.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Temperance; Alcoholism; Charity; Unmarried mothers; Pointing (Gesture); Women--Social life and customs

Date: 1881-09-21

Broken banks - defaulting cashiers - negligent directors - who is responsible?

Description:

A police officer holds Oscar L. Baldwin, cashier at the Mechanics' National Bank in Newark, by the shoulder while Baldwin, using "Speculation Soap Suds," blows a soap bubble labeled "500,000 Paid in Capital" and "Surplus Fund $400,000" that drips money into a top hat in front of many old men labeled "Bank Director" and investors entering on the right, in the background. At his feet are papers labeled "Cooked Statement." Puck gestures toward the old men and suggests the police officer consider arresting them as well. Caption: Puck to Representative of the Law--"You have got the thief - now take the men who let him steal the money of the trusting depositors."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Saving and investment; Banks and banking; Swindlers and swindling; Scapegoat; Blame; Police; Bubbles; Baldwin, Oscar L.

Date: 1881-11-09

Licensed wreckers - in the hands of the receivers

Description:

Print shows a ship labeled "Wrecked Corporation" and "Insurance Co. Bankrupt" that has wrecked on rocks with a darkened lighthouse labeled "Trust" and "Justice" nearby. The light has been snuffed by "Judge" and "Corruption." Victims of the wreck, some clinging to the ship, others in the water, are labeled "Policy Holder" and "Pillaged Policy Holder." A rope from the ship to shore is held by a "Receiver," a "Lawyer," and a "Shore Shark," and is coiled around a money bag labeled "Fee." Another "Lawyer," using a gaff, reaches for a barrel labeled "Fees" that bobs in the water near the ship. Standing near the lighthouse is a man labeled "Referee" who is holding a pan labeled "False Beacon" that spews illuminated smoke labeled "By Order of the Court." The man burns papers labeled "Waste, Outrageous Extravagance, Extortion, [and] Cost."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Shipwrecks; Corporations; Bankruptcy; Corruption; Insurance; Big business--Finance; Lighthouses; Swindlers and swindling; Lawyers; Lawyers--Fees

Date: 1882-03-15

Let us have a good bankruptcy law, as a protection against the "preferred creditor" swindle

Description:

Puck carries a "Petition - To the 48th Congress" at the head of a long procession of well-dressed businessmen who want Congress to enact a "Good Bankruptcy Law" that would identify fraudulent conveyances to a "Preferred Creditor" and hold swindlers accountable. They march down "Relations Row" past buildings that are labeled "Grandfather Preferred, Brother Preferred, 19th Cousin Preferred, Uncle Preferred, Sister Preferred, [and] Brother in Law."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Legislation; Bankruptcy; Fraudulent conveyances; Swindlers and swindling; Fraud; Parades

Date: 1883-11-14

How to keep a girl

Description:

Print shows a vignette cartoon with 12 vignettes around a central figure, showing how the employer should treat her woman domestic, if she wants to keep her. Vignettes include 1) "Promise her anything and everything," 2) "Give her the best bed in the house," 5) "When dinner is ready - wait on her," 6) turn a blind eye toward thievery and to 9) "packages and bundles carried out by relatives," as well as 7) turn a deaf ear to her rants, and 12) "Raise her wages higher each month." The center vignette, numbered "13," shows a woman holding keys as her domestic help stands next to a stove, and suggests another option, "Take Matters into Your Own Hands and Keep Her in Her Place."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Women domestics; Women household employees; Household employees--Conduct of life; Women--Employment

Date: 1883-12-05

Christmas at Washington

Description:

Several members of Congress stand around a large Christmas tree labeled "Tax Surplus" decorated with money bags labeled "Surplus." The legislators carry bags in which to place the bags of surplus they pluck from the tree. Among those identified are Charles W. Jones holding a bag labeled "Naval," William E. Chandler holding a bag labeled "Subsidies for a Merchant Steam Marine," William Mahone holding a bag labeled "Public Buildings and Grounds," John A. Logan holding a bag labeled "Appropriations" and reaching for a sack on the tree, Joseph W. Keifer lifting George M. Robeson holding a bag labeled "Partners in the New Naval Scheme," John Roach holding a bag labeled "New Navy Scheme," Henry L. Dawes holding a bag labeled "River & Harbor Bill," Francis M. Cockrell holding a bag labeled "Improvement of Mississippi River," Eugene Hale holding a bag labeled "River & Harbor Bill," John J. Ingalls holding a bag labeled "More Pensions," Benjamin F. Jonas holding a bag labeled "Improvement of Mississippi River," and Elbridge G. Lapham who is speaking to two well-dressed women, one holding a bag labeled "Lobby." Lapham is also depicted in the angel at the top of the tree holding a banner labeled "Help Yourself." Uncle Sam dances with three men in the foreground and, on the right, a lone "Taxpayer" stands outside in the snow.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Christmas; Christmas trees; Taxation; Government spending policy; Pressure groups; Legislation; Women--Civil rights; United States. Congress; Chandler, William E. (William Eaton), 1835-1917; Logan, John Alexander, 1826-1886; Dawes, Henry L. (Henry Laurens), 1816-1903; Cockrell, Francis Marion, 1834-1915; Hale, Eugene, 1836-1918; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Mahone, William, 1826-1895; Keifer, Joseph Warren, 1836-1932; Robeson, George M. (George Maxwell), 1829-1897; Roach, John, 1813-1887; Jones, Charles William, 1834-1897; Jonas, B. F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1834-1911; Lapham, Elbridge Gerry, 1814-1890

Date: 1883-12-19

Nothing but wind!

Description:

A woman, on the left, labeled "Republican Party," wears a hat labeled "War Record" and uses a bellows to pump "Reform, Purity and Honesty!!" into the ear of a man labeled "Independent Voter." Another woman, on the right, labeled "Democratic Party," wears a hat labeled "Jeffersonian Principles" and uses a bellows to pump "Honesty, Purity, and Reform!!" into the other ear of the man labeled "Independent Voter."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Presidents--Elections; Political parties--Platforms; Fireplaces--Equipment and supplies; Women's clothing; Democratic Party (U.S.); Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- )

Date: 1884-04-16

Drowning in his own "pool"

Description:

Jay Gould is drowning in "Watered Stocks" certificates, some labeled "Watered W.U.T." and "Watered Wabash," at the bottom of the steps to Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City. William H. Vanderbilt sits at the top of the steps, on a large bag labeled "$40,000,000 U.S. Bonds" and "Vanderbilt." The statue of George Washington is visible on the right.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Bonds; Negotiable instruments; Stock certificates; Fraud; Swindlers and swindling; Drowning; Gould, Jay, 1836-1892; Vanderbilt, William H. (William Henry), 1821-1885

Date: 1884-06-04

Ireland's evil genius

Description:

"Britannia" stands on the left, holding "Concessions to Ireland," and "Hibernia" stands on the right in a militant pose. Between them is a nasty looking man with two "Dynamite" bombs slung over his shoulders.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Britannia (Symbolic character); Autonomy and independence movements; International relations--Foreign countries; Women's clothing--Symbolic aspects; Anarchism; Dynamite; Stereotypes (Social psychology); Great Britain; Ireland

Date: 1884-06-11

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