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Telegram from Fred C. Ainsworth to William Loeb

Description:

General Bell needs to meet with the President concerning Fort Brown after the Brownsville raid. Fred C. Ainsworth inquires if Bell could meet with Roosevelt tomorrow.

Resource Type: Telegram

Subject: Scheduling; Meetings; Texas--Brownsville--Fort Brown; Bell, James Franklin, 1856-1919; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919

Date: 1906-08-22

Letter from James Franklin Bell to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Chief of State of the United States Army James Franklin Bell proposes a plan to President Roosevelt to disarm Cuban insurgents. The plan, based on experience in the Philippine-American War, involves discreetly gathering information through American officers in Cuba, with the "consent and cooperation" of Cuban President Tomás Estrada Palma.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Philippine American War (Philippines : 1899-1902); Press and politics; Cubans--Politics and government; Latin Americans--Attitudes; Disarmament; Cuba; Philippines--Batangas (Province); New York (State)--Oyster Bay; Québec--La Malbaie; Texas--Brownsville; United States. War Department; United States. Department of State; Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930; Ainsworth, Fred C. (Fred Crayton), 1852-1934; Estrada Palma, Tomás, 1835-1908; Loeb, William, 1866-1937

Date: 1906-08-30

Letter from John Allison to William Loeb

Description:

John Allison, Chancellor of the Davidson Chancery Court in Tennessee, notes that the African-American churches and organizations protesting President Roosevelt's dismissal of a battalion of African-American soldiers have not made any resolutions condemning the African-American soldiers that he believes are responsible for killing innocent civilians in Brownsville, Texas, nor have they expressed any sympathy for those victims or regret at the conduct of the battalion whom he believes are protecting the murderers. Allison tells President Roosevelt's secretary, William Loeb, that this is typical behavior for African-Americans, and he urges Roosevelt not to countermand his order of dismissal because it might emboldening the "worst elements of their race."

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Religion and politics; African American soldiers; African American churches; African Americans--Politics and government; African American clergy--Political activity; African American political activists; Military discharge; Murder; Lynching; African Americans--Crimes against; Rape; Racism; Police; Press and politics; Punishment; Discrimination in criminal justice administration; Race discrimination; Race relations; Courts; Judges; Texas--Brownsville; United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 25th; McKeldin, Theodore R. (Theodore Roosevelt), 1900-1974

Date: 1906-11-21

Memorandum for the President

Description:

This memorandum notes that Dr. Washington and Collector Andersen have interceded on behalf of the colored soldiers and have appealed to President Roosevelt to change his action. The author of the memorandum explained to Washington and Anderson that it was not possible to alter what was done.

Resource Type: Memorandum

Subject: Soldiers, Black; Texas--Brownsville; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919

Date: 1906-11-27

Letter from Paul Paquin to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Paul Paquin is inspired by President Roosevelt's "courageous application of justice" in the incident with the African American soldiers stationed near Brownsville, Texas. Paquin suggests that the country needs a thorough and unbiased investigation of the "negro problem." He believes that education has failed to instill a "fixed moral sense" in African Americans, and he is concerned by their drop in productivity over the past forty years. Paquin has hope that African Americans can be made into "useful" citizens.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Race relations; African American soldiers; School boards; Press and politics; Ethnology; African Americans--Education; Texas--Brownsville; South Carolina; Southern States; United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 25th; Pritchard, Jeter Connelly, 1857-1921

Date: 1906-12-03

Telegram from Gilchrist Stewart to William Loeb

Description:

Gilchrist Stewart regrets the delay but it was unavoidable. He was waiting so that he could have a complete case. 

Resource Type: Telegram

Subject: Communication; Race discrimination; Texas--San Antonio; Texas--Brownsville

Date: 1906-12-08

Telegram from Gilchrist Stewart to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Gilchrist Stewart regrets the delay, which is unavoidable as the Commissioner is delayed at Brownsville. Stewart submitted the matter to the League and presented Roosevelt's telegram before them. Stewart is arranging to have a report in Washington on Monday evening.

Resource Type: Telegram

Subject: Telegraph; Texas--Brownsville

Date: 1906-12-08

Chauffeur Teddy: Anything ahead, Bill?

Description:

President Roosevelt is driving an automobile labeled "U.S. Government," with Secretary of War Taft seated next to him in the front and Uncle Sam in the back seat. Behind them is the aftermath of their 'reckless driving': a wagon labeled "Panama," a man labeled "Cuban Revolution," and a cow labeled "Beef." They have just run over a man labeled "Brownsville affair" and are headed for a chicken reading "Storer." Caption: Chauffeur Teddy, - "Anything Ahead Bill?"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Revolution (Cuba : 1895-1898); Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Automobiles; Meat inspection--Law and legislation; Panama; Texas--Brownsville; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919; Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930

Date: 1907

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to Kermit Roosevelt

Description:

President Roosevelt is worried about his son Kermit's boils. He also writes about how Congress will vote on his big battleships. Roosevelt also mentions the poor "Tartar" tribe, saying that all they want is to live on a Sioux reservation and have the government supply them. Roosevelt closes the letter with updates on the family. 

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Indians--Government relations; Indian reservations; Legislation; Battleships; Skin--Infections; Books and reading; Horses; Presidents' pets; Texas--Brownsville; United States. Congress; Sioux Nation; Roosevelt, Edith Kermit Carow, 1861-1948; Roosevelt, Archibald B. (Archibald Bulloch), 1894-1979; Roosevelt, Quentin, 1897-1918; Derby, Ethel Roosevelt, 1891-1977; Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924

Date: 1907-01-26

Winsted Evening Citizen, Vol. XIX, Whole No. 9.531, Tuesday, January 29, 1907

Description:

The article on page one, "Senator Foraker's Attack on President Came So Unexpectedly Chief Executive Could Not Retort Effectively," covers the Brownsville incident.

Resource Type: Newspaper

Subject: Race relations; Race relations--Press coverage; African American soldiers; Texas--Brownsville; Connecticut--Winsted; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919; Foraker, Joseph Benson, 1846-1917

Date: 1907-01-29

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