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Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to Sir Cecil Spring Rice

Description:

President Roosevelt gives Cecil Spring Rice his assessment on the Russo-Japanese War. Roosevelt is not concerned with the emergence of Japan as a world power and does not think that Japan will become more aggressive. Roosevelt is concerned that Russia must be contained, but insists to Spring Rice that the U.S. has no intention of intervening in the war. In a postscript, Roosevelt discusses the differences between Japanese and American culture and diplomacy, and reflects on race and culture.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905); International relations--Political aspects; Diplomacy; Diplomatic negotiations in international disputes; Russians; Representative government and representation; Democracy; Despotism; Liberty; Aggression (International law); Imperialism; Japanese--Politics and government; Civilization, Modern; Race relations; Ethnic relations; Presidents--Nomination; Japan; Russia; Yellow Sea; Caribbean Area; Cuba; West Indies--British West Indies; Lesser Antilles--West Indies, French; Philippines; China--Manchuria; Ireland; England; France; Korea; China--Lüshun; Harvard College (1780- ); Republican National Committee (U.S.); Kaneko, Kentarō, 1853-1942; Takahira, Kogoro, Baron, 1854-1926

Date: 1903-06-13

Letter from Brooks Adams to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Brooks Adams writes to President Roosevelt to discuss Russian and Japanese interests in Manchuria, and he agrees with Roosevelt's and the Attorney General Knox's policy on U.S. Railroads. Adams gives his regards to Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905); Railroads--U.S. states; China--Manchuria; Knox, Philander C. (Philander Chase), 1853-1921; Roosevelt, Edith Kermit Carow, 1861-1948

Date: 1903-07-17

Letter from Leigh S. J. Hunt to Nicholas M. Butler

Description:

Leigh S. J. Hunt predicts that war is in sight between Russia and Japan and asks Nicholas Butler to keep President Roosevelt from being swayed by Russian sympathizers. Hunt predicts that Japan would be victorious and easily defeat Russia.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905); International relations

Date: 1904-01-17

Letter from George Kennan to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

American explorer George Kennan encloses newspaper clippings about involvement in the Russo-Japanese conflict. With the war looming on the horizon, Kennan jokes that when "we 'devour Russia'" President Roosevelt will make him "Civil Governor of Siberia."

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905); International relations

Date: 1904-02-04

Letter from William Woodville Rockhill to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

William Woodville Rockhill, the U.S. diplomat, encloses Ambassador Sternburg's suggestion concerning Germany's diplomatic strategy as tensions heighten between Russia and Japan.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905); International relations; Sternburg, Hermann Speck von, Freiherr, 1852-1908

Date: 1904-02-06

Telegram from John Hay to Charlemagne Tower, Horace Porter, and Joseph Hodges Choate

Description:

Secretary of State John Hay asks the United States ambassadors to England, France, and Germany to consult with the Minister of Foreign Affairs in each country. He proposes that if war breaks out between Russia and Japan, the neutral powers encourage the combatants to respect China's neutrality and limit hostilities so as not to disturb the Chinese people.

Resource Type: Telegram

Subject: Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905); China; United States. Department of State

Date: 1904-02-08

Letter from Oscar S. Straus to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

As a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague, Oscar S. Straus recommends exercising mediation articles of the Hague Conventions as a way to avert a potential world war.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905); International relations

Date: 1904-02-08

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to Oscar S. Straus

Description:

Japan regards any attempts at mediation in the Russo-Japanese War as unfriendly in the belief that Russia is trying to delay in order to complete preparations. Japan requires an immediate agreement or further war. Russia wants all proposals to go through Japan. Currently, attempts are being made to guarantee China's neutrality.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905); War; Arbitration (International law); Diplomatic negotiations in international disputes; Neutrality; International relations; Japan; Russia; France; China; Hay, John, 1838-1905

Date: 1904-02-09

Letter from William M. Folger to Henry C. Taylor

Description:

William M. Folger writes concerning U.S. policy during the Russo-Japanese War and makes recommendations concerning military operations during the conflict.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905); International trade; China; United States. Department of Commerce and Labor; United States. Navy Department. Bureau of Ordnance; Hay, John, 1838-1905; Taylor, H. C. (Henry Clay), 1845-1904

Date: 1904-02-10

Letter from John Hay to Charlemagne Tower

Description:

The views of the U.S. will be communicated to signatories of the Protocol of Peking.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905); United States. Department of State

Date: 1904-02-10

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