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Diary of Theodore Roosevelt from September 9 to December 2, 1869

Description:

Eleven-year-old Theodore Roosevelt documents his trip through Europe in this diary he titled "My journal of Northern Italy." There are entries for Italy, Austria, Saxony, Belgium, Prussia and France. Roosevelt created a geographic index at the end. 

Resource Type: Diary

Subject: Travel; Italy; France; Belgium; Austria; Europe--Saxony; Europe--Prussia (Duchy)

Date: 1869

Retirement of Constantin Catacazy

Description:

Report prepared at the request of the United States Senate containing the government correspondence regarding the retirement of Constantin Catacazy, Russian minister to the United States from 1869-1871. President Grant and the State Department sought the removal of Catacazy due to his poor conduct. However, he remained as minister until after Grand Duke Alexei's trip to the United States, because a minister needed to be present for the visit and there wasn't sufficient time to replace Catacazy before Alexei's arrival.

Resource Type: Government record

Subject: Diplomatic and consular service, Russian; Diplomatic etiquette; International relations; Russia; United States. Congress. Senate; Catacazy, Constantin; Aleksei╠ć Aleksandrovich, Grand Duke of Russia, 1850-1908

Date: 1871-12-06

Zoological record

Description:

Theodore Roosevelt's notes on animals, primarily birds, he observed and collected during a 1872-1873 trip to Europe, Syria, and Egypt.

Resource Type: Manuscript

Subject: Zoology; Animals--Study and teaching; Nature observation; Nature study; Bird watching; Germany--Dresden; England; Egypt; Syria--Damascus; Lebanon--Beirut; Europe--Saxony; Austria--Tyrol; Hungary; Cyprus; Greece--Thebes; Middle East--Palestine; France--Paris; Lebanon; Greece--Athens; Turkey--Istanbul; Middle East--Jerusalem; Israel--Jaffa (Tel Aviv); Germany--Prussia; Syria; Austria--Vienna

Date: 1873

The hoaxer hoaxed

Description:

Print shows New York Herald editor James Gordon Bennett, holding a shotgun and carrying a bag labeled "Game Bag for Sensations J.G. Bennett", standing next to a scarecrow labeled "$500.00 Herald Cheque" and "This is not the Original Hartman"; the scarecrow, armed with bombs, a knife and a handgun, looks like Leo Hartmann who was apparently involved in the 1879 assassination attempt of Alexander II, Emperor of Russia. Looking over a stone wall is Secretary of State James G. Blaine who stated in the press that he could not make a statement regarding the extradition of Hartmann prior to a request for such action by Russian authorities. In the background, on a mound of earth labeled "Russia", Alexander III, Emperor of Russia, is sitting on a large chair labeled "Chair of Alexander III", reading the "New York Herald"; an opening in the chair is labeled "The Real and Only Hartman Private Office" and shows a man who also looks like Leo Hartmann, waving. Caption: J.G.B. This has been a hard hunt for a sham Hartmann!

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Assassination; Anarchists; Intervention (International law); Scarecrows; Hunting; Russia (Federation); Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893; Alexander II, Emperor of Russia, 1818-1881

Date: 1881-09-07

Science, or sport? - A modern spectacle after an old model

Description:

A group of explorers of the polar regions, representing discovery and exploration, float on an ice floe. They may all be on the verge of death. Weighing judgment are James G. Bennett of the New York Herald and several European heads of state sitting in an area labeled "Reserved for J.G. Bennett and other Crowned Heads," as well as a group of men seated in an area labeled "In the Name of Science - More! More!" This latter group has already pronounced judgment by giving the "Thumbs Down" sign. Notices pasted on the walls of the arena state "Kane died 1853, Franklin died 1850, Hall died 1871, [and] G.W. De Long 1882" referring to explorers who died in the name of science.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: United States North Polar Expedition; Science; Discovery and exploration, American; Heads of state; Explorers; Ice floes; Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901; Oscar II, King of Sweden, 1829-1907; Bennett, James Gordon, 1841-1918; Alfonso XII, King of Spain, 1857-1885; Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria, 1830-1916; Alexander III, Emperor of Russia, 1845-1894; De Long, George W. (George Washington), 1844-1881; Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871; Kane, Elisha Kent, 1820-1857; Franklin, John, 1786-1847

Date: 1882-05-31

Coney Island and the crowned heads

Description:

Print shows Uncle Sam welcoming several heads of state labeled "Pan-Slavism, Nihilism, Socialism, Pauperism, Communism [represented by Marianne], Fenianism, Mormonism [wearing a fez], [and] Spain" to a swim at Coney Island; they have emerged from bathhouses labeled "Austria, Russia, Germany, Italy, France, [and] England" and stand in the water. Caption: Why shouldn't the wearied monarchs of Europe enjoy a plunge in our republican waters?

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Marianne (French emblem); Heads of state; Economics; European communities--Politics and government; Swimming; Beaches; Bathhouses; Crowns; New York (State)--New York--Coney Island; Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria, 1830-1916; Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901; Alexander III, Emperor of Russia, 1845-1894; Umberto I, King of Italy, 1844-1900; William I, German Emperor, 1797-1888

Date: 1882-07-19

Thanksgiving

Description:

Print shows Uncle Sam, Columbia, and Puck sitting at a table, ready to enjoy a Thanksgiving turkey dinner in a gallery with paintings on the wall in the background. Uncle Sam is gesturing toward these paintings, which depict Irish uprisings and unrest in England, volcanoes in Java, earthquakes in Italy, "Cholera" as the grim reaper in Egypt, French colonialism, anarchy in Spain, German militarism, and Alexander III, Emperor of Russia, standing on the body of a peasant in a painting titled "Russian Reform." On the far right, at a dock labeled "U.S. Navy," a ship in disrepair leans to one side. A bulldog gnaws on a bone labeled "New York" beneath a bench on the left. Caption: Uncle Sam "Well, we seem to be getting along a little better than the rest of the world, and if we can't be thankful for all that we have, we may at least be thankful that there are some things we haven't."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Columbia (Symbolic character); Thanksgiving Day; Dinners and dining; Turkeys; Art museums; International relations; Anarchism; Alexander II, Emperor of Russia, 1818-1881

Date: 1883-11-28

Tough on Turkey

Description:

The British lion and the Russian bear threaten a turkey dressed as a Turk. Caption: England and Russia, together - "Be my ally, or I'll give you the worst thrashing you ever had in your life!"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: International relations; Treaties; Lion; Bears; Turkeys; Symbolism; Great Britain; Turkey; Russia

Date: 1885-04-22

An uneven game

Description:

William E. Gladstone stands on the balcony of a building where the windows are labeled "Pride, Prestige, Supremacy in India, Commerce, British Empire, [and] Control of the Afghan Frontier" (which is above two broken windows). On the ground is a thug identified as a "Russian Rapscallion" who is about to throw a rock at "Gladstone" and the "British Empire." In the background is a wretched hovel labeled "Russia." Caption: The Russian rapscallion has no windows of his own, and he can afford to throw stones at the house of the respectable Briton.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: International relations; Rocks; Great Britain; Russia (Federation); Gladstone, W. E. (William Ewart), 1809-1898

Date: 1885-04-29

How the "Herald" does it

Description:

Nicholas II and General Obruchev look over a "War Map" spread on a table, with "Russia" on one side, "England" on the other, and "Afghanistan" between them. Beneath the table, having come through a "Nihilists' Private Trap Door," is "the Herald's Special Correspondent" with an over-sized right ear, listening and holding a notebook labeled "N. Y. Herald." Caption: Instantaneous sketch by Puck's special artist of the Herald's special correspondent getting his important information about the Czar and Gen. Obrutscheff.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Reporters and reporting; Spies; American newspapers; Strategy--Political aspects; Russia (Federation)--Saint Petersburg; Nicholas II, Emperor of Russia, 1868-1918; Obruchev, N. N. (Nikolai╠ć Nikolaevich), 1830-1904

Date: 1885-05-06

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