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Reason against unreason

Description:

Print shows the "Light of Reason" shining from the upper right, illuminating bust portraits of "Johannes Kepler, I. Kant, Th. Paine, Jefferson, B. de Spinoza, Franklin, Voltaire, E. H. Haeckel, Tyndall, Huxley, [and] Darwin." The light is blocked by a large umbrella labeled "Bigotry, Supernaturalism, [and] Fanaticism," behind which are hiding various members of the clergy, including the Pope, Henry Ward Beecher, and Thomas De Witt Talmage. In the upper left, a vignette shows three female figures around an infant in a crib, with caption "God made Man and Endowed him with Free Will, Memory, and Understanding." In the lower right is another vignette showing the Pope and other members of the clergy torturing a man, filling him with "Superstition," with caption, "But it took a Deal of Altering in the Man before he could be made a 'Good Citizen'."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Religion; Prejudices; Supernatural; Superstition; Philosophy; Philosophers; Clergy; Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887; Talmage, T. De Witt (Thomas De Witt), 1832-1902

Date: 1882-03-08

The murderer's straight route to heaven - bringing religion into disrepute

Description:

Print shows the spirit of an executed murderer rising to Heaven as a minister wipes clean the "Blackboard of Crime" on which are "Murder, Arson, [and] Robb[ery]" with the "Sponge of Absolution" as "years of sin [are] wiped out in ten minutes." Meanwhile "the wife of the victim experiences Hell on Earth" at a cemetery in the upper left, and "the 'unprepared' victim" descends to the flames of "Purgatory" accompanied by devils.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Absolution; Homicide; Heaven; Hell; Purgatory; Gallows; Hanging; Ghosts; Religion; Cemeteries

Date: 1882-06-28

A summer smoke-cloud

Description:

Print shows Puck reclining before a table covered with alcoholic beverages, some labeled "V. H. Dusenbury's P.P. Brandy" and "Puck Punch [No London Punch]," smoking and blowing smoke rings. Among the figures appearing in Puck's smoke cloud are Chester A. Arthur labeled "For a Good Veto" and fishing for "Popularity"; George M. Robeson at the helm of a boat carrying a large money bag labeled "Appropriation"; Jay Gould, Russell Sage, and William H. Vanderbilt sailing on a boat labeled "Monopoly"; Susan B. Anthony and another woman, G.W. Curtis labeled "Civil Service Reform," Roscoe Conkling, Jay Hubbell labeled "Deform," Ulysses S. Grant labeled "No Third Term," David Davis, Robert Ingersoll boxing with Thomas De Witt Talmage, James G. Bennett, "Old Rossa" with "Dynamite," Cyrus W. Field trying to net a "Coronet," John Kelly and Samuel J. Tilden on a seesaw, William R. Grace standing on a rock labeled "Public Esteem" with Seth Low trying to climb up, and James Russell Lowell on a "British Mission."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Smoke; Clouds; Capitalists and financiers; Legislators; Newspaper editors; Religion; Civil service reform; Corruption; Summer; Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906; Arthur, Chester Alan, 1829-1886; Bennett, James Gordon, 1841-1918; Conkling, Roscoe, 1829-1888; Curtis, George William, 1824-1892; Davis, David, 1815-1886; Field, Cyrus W. (Cyrus West), 1819-1892; Gould, Jay, 1836-1892; Grace, William Russell, 1832-1904; Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885; Ingersoll, Robert Green, 1833-1899; Kelly, John, 1821-1886; Low, Seth, 1850-1916; Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891; Robeson, George M. (George Maxwell), 1829-1897; Sage, Russell, 1816-1906; Talmage, T. De Witt (Thomas De Witt), 1832-1902; Tilden, Samuel J. (Samuel Jones), 1814-1886; Vanderbilt, William H. (William Henry), 1821-1885; Hubbell, Jay A. (Jay Abel), 1829-1900; O’Donovan Rossa, Jeremiah, 1831-1915

Date: 1882-08-09

The universal church of the future - from the present religious outlook

Description:

Four men sit quietly beneath a shelf of "Books of Religious Reference" in a hall in a museum. A small crowd is gathered before them. Further along the hall, another group of four men sits quietly beneath a shelf of "Books of Scientific Reference." Part of the display, labeled "Geography," shows an owl perched on an open book labeled "Kosmos" and a man standing next to a globe. Further still along the hall, a man is lecturing to a large gathering in a section labeled "Chemistry." Portraits of Nicolaus Copernicus, Charles Darwin, Benedictus de Spinoza, and Thomas Paine hang from the vaulted archways above.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Religion; Science; Thought and thinking; Audiences; Museums; Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809; Copernicus, Nicolaus, 1473-1543; Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882; Spinoza, Benedictus de, 1632-1677

Date: 1883-01-10

A trio that must go

Description:

Print shows a "Church Bell" as a female figure, an injured elephant labeled "Republican Party" with bandages and an eye patch labeled "Nov. 1882", and a Chinese man.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Republican elephant (Symbolic character); Religion; Bells; Chinese Americans; Emigration and immigration; Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- )

Date: 1883-09-05

This is what the "freedom of worship" bill means - can we hold the evil in check?

Description:

A female figure with a shield labeled "Tolerance" and a sword labeled "Knowledge" uses a cord labeled "Equality" to hold back a large snake labeled "Freedom Worship Bill" that has ensnared a young child wearing a hat labeled "S of Refuge." "Randalls Island" House of Refuge is in the background.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Religious tolerance; Freedom of religion; Orphanages; Orphans; Snakes; House of Refuge (New York, N.Y.)

Date: 1885-02-11

At it again!

Description:

Pope Leo XIII climbs through a ballot box in an effort to get to the sign on the wall that states, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion--Constitution." Other notices pasted on a wall in the background state, "Every Catholic should rigidly adhere to the teachings of the Roman pontiffs..."; "All Catholics should do all in their power to cause the Constitutions of States and legislation to be modeled in the principles of the true church"; and "All Catholics ... must penetrate wherever possible in the administration of civil affairs." Each is noted as a "Papal Encyclical." Caption: Through the ballot-box to the Constitution.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Religion and politics; Ballot boxes; Catholic Church; Leo XIII, Pope, 1810-1903

Date: 1885-11-18

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to Anna Roosevelt

Description:

Theodore Roosevelt writes to his sister Anna Roosevelt about recent happenings in Washington.  He and wife Edith have been going out quite a bit and socializing.  Roosevelt wishes he had more time to devote to writing his books. Edith has been giving Alice and Ted Bible lessons.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Dinners and dining; Authorship; Education--Religion; Roosevelt, Edith Kermit Carow, 1861-1948; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1887-1944

Date: 1891-04-26

Puck's suggestion to the congress of religions

Description:

Puck hands out placards with the saying, "Do unto others whatsoever thou wilt that others shall do unto thee," which he claims as the "best religion in existence," to many members of the clergy as they arrive at the entrance to the "Great World's Fair Parliament of Religions." Caption: Puck - Here's the best religion in existence, gentlemen, - don't waste time in useless discussions, but - call your meeting to order, endorse it, and adjourn. You'll have more time to see the Fair!

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Religious gatherings; Religion; Clergy

Date: 1893-09-13

Roosevelt-Keane mass meeting

Description:

Program for a mass meeting "In the Interests of the Enforcement of Laws and a Proper Respect for the Lord's Day." Speakers include Bishop John J. Keane, president of the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., and New York City Police Commissioner Theodore Roosevelt. Program includes copies of the invitations extended to Roosevelt and Keane, proceedings of the meeting, and the text of the speeches.

Resource Type: Pamphlet

Subject: Meetings; Speeches, addresses, etc.; Religion and politics; Sunday legislation; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919

Date: 1895-09-11

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