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State convention colored citizens

Description:

Article announcing the state convention of African-American Republican voters to meet in Austin, Texas, on October 24, 1899. The convention will be comprised of one delegate for every 150 African-American men.

Resource Type: Newspaper article

Subject: Race relations--Political aspects; African Americans--Politics and government; Equality before the law--U.S. states; Community organization--Management; Political party organization; Texas--Austin

Date: 1899-08-31

The ultimate cause

Description:

A Chinese woman with two children talks to an American missionary on a street with a market in the background. Caption: "But why is it," asked the thoughtful Chinese, "that I may go to your heaven, while I may not go to your country?" The American missionary shrugged his shoulders. "There is no Labor vote in heaven!" said he.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Spiritual life; Emigration and immigration; Missionaries; Clergy; Race relations; China

Date: 1900-12-19

The State's survey

Description:

South Carolina isn't concerned about the appointment of George R. Koester.

Resource Type: Newspaper article

Subject: Employees--Appointment, qualifications, tenure, etc.; Race relations; South Carolina; McLaurin, John Lowndes, 1860-1934; Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915

Date: 1901-10

Newspaper article on race and George R. Koester

Description:

President Roosevelt's decision to host Booker T. Washington at the White House has caused race relations in the South to deteriorate. The writer also states Roosevelt's "sporting blood" must have impacted his decision to appoint George R. Koester, who has a history of violence against African Americans.

Resource Type: Newspaper article

Subject: Race relations; Lynching; Equality; Employees--Appointment, qualifications, tenure, etc.; Washington (D.C.); Southern States; White House (Washington, D.C.); Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919; Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915

Date: 1901-10

Transcript of a statement from John Lowndes McLaurin

Description:

Senator McLaurin describes President Roosevelt's White House dinner with Booker T. Washington as a customary courtesy and not a breech of inter-racial boundaries and etiquette. A handwritten note by George B. Cortelyou says, "Not used. The President said he did not want anyone to make any explanation for him."

Resource Type: Transcript

Subject: Racism--Political aspects; Race relations; Presidents--Racial attitudes; Etiquette; White House (Washington, D.C.); Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919; Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915

Date: 1901-10

Roosevelt and the South

Description:

The writer supports President Roosevelt's consultations with Booker T. Washington regarding Southern policy and political appointments. Under Republican administrations, Southern appointments have been controlled by professional, machine politicians that don't look after the best interests of their communities. Roosevelt appears to be making an effort to alter the situation.

Resource Type: Newspaper article

Subject: Employees--Appointment, qualifications, tenure, etc.; Political ethics; Political parties--Planning; Political parties--Philosophy; African Americans--Politics and government; Race relations; Southern States; Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ); Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919; Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915; McKinley, William, 1843-1901

Date: 1901-10-01

President Roosevelt and the Southern problem

Description:

The newspaper article disparages the use of political appointments to maintain control of Southern African American delegations for "trades and spoils" at the national convention. This practice upsets white Southerners and keeps the "Solid South" behind the Democratic Party.

Resource Type: Newspaper article

Subject: Employees--Appointment, qualifications, tenure, etc.; African Americans--Politics and government; Race relations; Political conventions; Political parties--Philosophy; Political parties--Planning; Southern States; Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ); Democratic Party (U.S.); Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919

Date: 1901-10-01

Letter from Richard Harding Davis to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Richard Harding Davis supports President Roosevelt's decision to host Booker T. Washington at the White House and describes the decision as an "act of every day civility." The South doesn't realize that the Civil War is over and that the slave question has been decided.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: American Civil War (1861-1865); Dinners and dining; Etiquette; African Americans--Politics and government; African Americans--Civil rights; Racism; Race relations; Press and politics; Southern States; Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915

Date: 1901-10-17

Letter from Murat Halstead to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Murat Halstead encloses some clippings from the London Times. He has been saddened to see the negative reaction to President Roosevelt's dinner with Booker T. Washington. Halstead recalls a dinner he had with Frederick Douglass who was a very "interesting gentleman."

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.); Race relations; Race discrimination; Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915; Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865

Date: 1901-10-18

Letter from Lucius Nathan Littauer to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Representative Littauer encloses a letter from Theodore F. Seward requesting a statement from President Roosevelt regarding Seward's appeal. Littauer thinks that the reactions of the Southern press to Roosevelt hosting Booker T. Washington at the White House have been outrageous.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Letters; Press and politics; Dinners and dining; Race relations; Racism; Southern States; Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915

Date: 1901-10-19

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