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The duty of great nations

Description:

Print shows John Bull attempting to reassure Uncle Sam that the storm clouds labeled "Philippine Complications" blowing in from the right will soon pass; he gestures toward a monument labeled "Civilization" carved with figures labeled "Guiana, Australia, Ireland, Scotland, India, Canada, Egypt, S. Africa, [and] W. Indies," topped with "Britannia" seated with the British Lion.

Caption: John Bull--Don't get discouraged, Sam! I've had just that sort of trouble for three hundred years, while I've been building this monument. It has cost many human lives and much money, but the whole world, as well as England, has benefited by it.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Philippine American War (Philippines : 1899-1902); Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); John Bull (Symbolic character); Britannia (Symbolic character); Monuments; Imperialism; Anxiety

Date: 1899-02-15

Smashed!

Description:

Print shows a large gloved fist with an American flag on it crashing down on Emilio Aguinaldo riding on a rocking horse labeled "Dictatorship" next to a large sword labeled "Aguinaldo" on the "Philippines."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Philippine American War (Philippines : 1899-1902); Imperialism; Hobbyhorses; Dictators; Swords; Aguinaldo, Emilio, 1869-1964

Date: 1899-03-08

The dream of the anti-expansionist

Description:

Print shows the dream of an "Anti-Expansionist" where Admiral George Dewey, General Elwell S. Otis, a sailor, and a soldier come ashore in the Philippines to offer their weapons and the American flag in surrender to Emilio Aguinaldo and a poorly armed, ragged, but haughty, group of Filipinos.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Philippine American War (Philippines : 1899-1902); Imperialism; Capitulations, Military; Dreams; Flags; Armed Forces--Officers; Soldiers; Sailors; Filipinos; Philippines; Dewey, George, 1837-1917; Otis, Elwell Stephen, 1838-1909; Aguinaldo, Emilio, 1869-1964

Date: 1899-04-19

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to Anna Roosevelt Cowles

Description:

Governor Roosevelt writes about his recent visit to the White House and his hopes for President McKinley's policy decisions. Roosevelt is finding it difficult to enjoy his vacation because of the amount of work facing him as governor, but he is very happy to hold the office.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Philippine American War (Philippines : 1899-1902); International relations--Political aspects; Politicians--Travel; Cuba; Philippines; White House (Washington, D.C.); Otis, Elwell Stephen, 1838-1909; Hay, John, 1838-1905; McKinley, William, 1843-1901

Date: 1899-07-12

Letter from J. F. Bell and George F. Becker to Albert J. Beveridge

Description:

J. F. Bell and George F. Becker provide their opinion on the progress of the Philippine-American War to Senator Beveridge of Indiana. They are dismissive of Filipino independence and advocate "vigorous military action" to "conquer the Insurgent forces."

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Philippine American War (Philippines : 1899-1902); Philippines; Aguinaldo, Emilio, 1869-1964

Date: 1899-08-01

Driven to it

Description:

General Elwell S. Otis, wearing a military uniform and holding papers labeled "Plans of Campaign," is confronted by a swarm of press reporters as mosquitoes labeled "Yellow Journalist." One of the reporters is holding a paper that states, "If you don't let us run this business, we'll run you out." Several of the mosquitoes at bottom have gotten caught on a fly-paper labeled "Press Censorship." Caption: General Otis--If it wasn't for that "tanglefoot" fly-paper those insects would pester the life out of me!

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Philippine American War (Philippines : 1899-1902); Freedom of the press; Censorship; Sensationalism in journalism; Mosquitoes; Flies--Control; Philippines; Otis, Elwell Stephen, 1838-1909

Date: 1899-08-16

Letter from Elihu Root to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Elihu Root asks Theodore Roosevelt for any information on the Philippines he has received from his sources.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Philippine American War (Philippines : 1899-1902); Philippines; Cuba

Date: 1899-09-20

"Through peace to happiness"

Description:

Print shows William McKinley as a circus ringmaster trying to coax a defiant Emilio Aguinaldo to jump through a hoop labeled "Peace"; standing in the background are three figures labeled "Cuba, Porto Rico, [and] Hawaii".
Caption: Ringmaster McKinley--You've got to jump through, and the sooner you do it the better!

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Philippine American War (Philippines : 1899-1902); Imperialism; Circus performers; Philippines; McKinley, William, 1843-1901; Aguinaldo, Emilio, 1869-1964

Date: 1899-09-20

Letting his light shine

Description:

Illustration showing Senator Hoar standing, full-length, wearing a child's nightgown, holding up in his right hand a candle labeled "Twaddle" and clutching a wooden doll labeled "Philippine Question."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Philippine American War (Philippines : 1899-1902); International relations; Hoar, George Frisbie, 1826-1904

Date: 1900-01-17

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to Anna Roosevelt Cowles

Description:

Governor Roosevelt shares his thoughts about several potential positions he might pursue, including the Governor Generalship of the Philippines, the Vice Presidency, or a cabinet position. He is satisfied with his work and his legacy, having fought for truth and decency; he is more than happy with his friends.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Philippine American War (Philippines : 1899-1902); Military appointments; Nominations for office; Cabinet officers--Selection and appointment; Military ethics; Political ethics; Friendship; Philippines; Armed Forces (United States); Schurman, Jacob Gould, 1854-1942; Platt, Thomas Collier, 1833-1910; Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924; Payn, Louis Frisbie, 1835-1923; Robinson, Corinne Roosevelt, 1861-1933; Robinson, Douglas, 1855-1918; Hay, John, 1838-1905; Adams, Henry, 1838-1918

Date: 1900-01-23

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