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Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to John Burroughs

Description:

President Roosevelt asks if John Burroughs has seen Everybody's Magazine. He couldn't help taking a "smash" at William J. Long. Roosevelt has just returned from Pine Knot in Albemarle County, Virginia and claims to have seen a small group of "wild pigeons," meaning passenger pigeons. He had not seen these pigeons for twenty five years.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Press and politics; Passenger pigeon; Bird watching; Virginia--Albemarle County; Long, William J. (William Joseph), 1867-1952

Date: 1907-05-23

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to C. Hart Merriam

Description:

Theodore Roosevelt describes a dozen passenger pigeons that he saw in Virginia. He did not kill any because he did not have a gun, but nothing could have persuaded him to shoot them anyway. 

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Passenger pigeon; Hunting; Virginia--Albemarle County

Date: 1907-05-23

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to John Burroughs

Description:

John Burroughs's letter has raised some doubt in President Roosevelt regarding his sighting of a small flock of passenger pigeons. However, he saw around a dozen pigeons, both in the air and perched on a tree, with a "characteristically pigeon like attitude." The other possibility is doves but the birds Roosevelt saw were larger and in a flock. He will write and see if there were other sightings.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Passenger pigeon; Birds--Identification; Bird watching

Date: 1907-05-27

Letter from John Burroughs to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

John Burroughs believes President Roosevelt's account of seeing passenger pigeons in Virginia. He suggests that a trustworthy local attempt to obtain a specimen or having Dr. Merriam send someone to investigate. Burroughs continues to fight William J. Long and the nature fakers. Several pretend interviews with Burroughs have appeared in the newspapers.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Passenger pigeon; Birds--Identification; Natural history literature; Nature stories; Interviews; Virginia; Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942; Long, William J. (William Joseph), 1867-1952

Date: 1907-05-30

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to John Burroughs

Description:

Theodore Roosevelt would like additional information on passenger pigeons. He can't afford to make an error in observation in the midst of the "nature faker" controversy. Roosevelt has destroyed William J. Long's credit with "all decent men of even moderate intelligence." Roosevelt writes of Long's use of affidavits to back up impossible claims. 

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Passenger pigeon; Naturalists; Reputation; Long, William J. (William Joseph), 1867-1952

Date: 1907-06-02

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to John Burroughs

Description:

President Roosevelt has found corroborative evidence for his sighting of passenger pigeons at Pine Knot in Albemarle County, Virginia. Dick, the foreman of Joseph Wilmer's farm, saw two small flocks and his description of the birds match the passenger pigeon described in the fifth volume of Audubon. Roosevelt believes that Dick is reliable and views him as a "singularly close observer." He requests that John Burroughs write to Lyman Abbott about the Long controversy.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Birds--Identification; Passenger pigeon; Bird watching; Abbott, Lyman, 1835-1922

Date: 1907-06-08

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to C. Hart Merriam

Description:

Theodore Roosevelt believes he was correct about the passenger pigeons he saw. He includes evidence in the form of a letter written by Joseph Pere Bell Wilmer, whose place Plain Dealing is near Roosevelt's Pine Knot. Roosevelt also includes an excerpt from George Shiras discussing various topics, including the timber wolf and how lynx hunt, and disagreeing with William J. Long's texts on the subjects.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Passenger pigeon; Wolves; Periodicals; Deer; Nature photography; Caribou; Hunting; Horses; Lynx; Virginia--Albemarle County; Michigan; Shiras, George, 1859-1942; Abbott, Lyman, 1835-1922; Long, William J. (William Joseph), 1867-1952

Date: 1907-06-08

Letter from John Burroughs to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

John Burroughs is glad that President Roosevelt has decided that his sighting of a passenger pigeon was correct. Burroughs recently investigated another sighting and concluded that a large flock of passenger pigeons had been seen. He has written to The Outlook regarding the legitimate use of imagination in nature writing. Burroughs directs Roosevelt to several periodicals where he comments on William J. Long and the nature fakers.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Passenger pigeon; Birds--Identification; Natural history literature; Nature stories; Writing; Long, William J. (William Joseph), 1867-1952

Date: 1907-06-13

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to John F. Lacey

Description:

Theodore Roosevelt saw passenger pigeons at Albemarle. It was an "utterly unexpected sight." Roosevelt has asked for Wm. B. Mershon's new book on the passenger pigeon.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Passenger pigeon; Books and reading; Virginia--Albemarle County

Date: 1907-06-22

Letter from C. Hart Merriam to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

C. Hart Merriam thanks Theodore Roosevelt for the letter that came just as he was leaving Washington, D.C., for the west. He appreciated the information about the pigeons and the context for Shiras' letter. Merriam also describes work that Nelson is doing to collect opinions from well known naturalists.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Passenger pigeon; Naturalists; Publications; Shiras, George, 1859-1942; Roosevelt, Edith Kermit Carow, 1861-1948; Nelson, Edward William, 1855-1934

Date: 1907-07-04

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