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History repeats itself

Description:

Illustration shows Julius Caesar or a Roman centurion, in the background, tumbling off a pillar of stones labeled "Rome, Etruria, Britain, Asia, [and] Africa." In the middle distance, on a bit of land labeled "France," Napoleon I is shown tumbling off a pillar of stones labeled "Egypt, Italy, Spain, Holland, Austria, Prussia, [and] Russia" and falling toward a rocky island labeled "St. Helena." In the foreground, John Bull is standing atop a pillar of stones labeled "Scotland, Ireland, Malta, Gibraltar, India, Australia, Cyprus, Egypt, [and] Soudan [sic]" on a bit of land labeled "England." The stones are propped up by various types of weapons, with the top two stones supported by a steamship, though the top stone "Soudan" appears about to fall off.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: John Bull (Symbolic character); Imperialism; Falls (Accidents); Weapons; England; France; Rome (Empire); Caesar, Julius; Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821

Date: 1885-03-25

"Peace" assured

Description:

Illustration shows William E. Gladstone, dressed as an old woman wearing keys labeled "Suez, Gibraltor, [and] Herat," pushing John Bull into a kissing embrace with Tsar Nicholas II who is, likewise, being pushed by a woman labeled "Empress of Russia." They are suspended over a thin crevice emitting smoke as though it were a volcano about to erupt. A cut-away view shows a munitions foundry just below the surface of the ground, furiously producing ordnance.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: John Bull (Symbolic character); International relations; Weapons; Heads of state; Kissing; Foundries; Women's clothing; Great Britain; Russia (Federation); Nicholas II, Emperor of Russia, 1868-1918; Alexandra, Empress, consort of Nicholas II, Emperor of Russia, 1872-1918; Gladstone, W. E. (William Ewart), 1809-1898

Date: 1885-05-13

Peace, but not business

Description:

Illustration shows a perplexed Uncle Sam standing in front of a store labeled "Notice - No Reciprocity in Trade Here" that is well-stocked with items available for international trade; a man labeled "Trade" is asleep at the counter. Across the narrow street of the marketplace sits Otto von Bismarck selling maps, and in the background are Nicholas II, holding a piece of paper that states, "Let us have Truce," and John Bull shaking hands in front of their trade houses; a sign on the English shop states "Reciprocity in Trade." There is a small dog, wearing a fez, standing in the middle of the street. Caption: Uncle Sam - "Darned if I ain't left again! I'm overstocked, I've got all the blessings of a high tariff, and here these fellows won't fight and give me a chance to sell my goods."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); John Bull (Symbolic character); Tariff; Commerce; International relations; Markets; Great Britain; Russia (Federation); Nicholas II, Emperor of Russia, 1868-1918; Bismarck, Otto, Fürst von, 1815-1898

Date: 1885-05-20

"Change about" - the monkey the master

Description:

Illustration shows a monkey turning the crank on an organ labeled "Home Sweet Home Rule" with one foot, it is wearing a hat with a feather labeled "Parnell", and holding a shillelagh labeled "80 members" in one hand and in the other a chain attached to the belt of a British man labeled "J. Bull", who is dancing. The British "Parliament" building is in the background.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: John Bull (Symbolic character); Monkeys; Organ grinders; World politics; Autonomy and independence movements; Great Britain; Ireland; Great Britain. Parliament; Parnell, Charles Stewart, 1846-1891

Date: 1885-12-23

The angel of peace

Description:

Otto von Bismarck stands in the middle of a seesaw that is resting on the back of "Turkey" who is being refreshed with "English Salts" by John Bull, a carpet bag at his feet filled with papers labeled "Naval Supremacy, Egyptian Bonds, [and] Indian Trade." Sitting on the left of the seesaw are "Montenegro, Russia, Roumania [sic], [and] Bulgaria," and sitting on the right are "Herzegovina," an unidentified figure holding a rifle and wearing a turban, "Servia [sic], [and] Austria", who are holding on to another unidentified figure, possibly Greece. Caption: Bismarck keeps the balance, and the Turk pays the freight.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: John Bull (Symbolic character); Eastern question; Seesaw; International relations; Turkey; Germany; Great Britain; Bismarck, Otto, Fürst von, 1815-1898

Date: 1886-01-27

Not up to the mark yet

Description:

Uncle Sam shakes hands with John Bull who is holding a yacht labeled "Valkyrie." Between them is the America's Cup on a pedestal labeled with the names of American yachts and the year they won the Cup, "America 1851, Magic 1870, Columbia 1871, Sappho 1871 [i.e. 1874], Madeleine 1876, Mischief 1881, Puritan 1885, Mayflower 1886, [and] Volu[nteer] 1887." A ribbon labeled "Vigilant 1893" is tied to the Cup. In the background is a building with a banner that states "Finishing School for Incomplete Yachtsmen."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: America's Cup; Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); John Bull (Symbolic character); Yacht racing; Contests; Awards; Handshaking

Date: 1893-10-25

"And John, he pays the freight"

Description:

Queen Victoria holds up an infant labeled "Little New Duke of York. Christening Robe Cost £300." She presents the baby to John Bull who is holding a paper that states "Heavy Expense Account - Royal Family." In the background is a castle labeled "Royal Nursery." The baby is probably Edward VIII, later the Duke of Windsor.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: John Bull (Symbolic character); Cost and standard of living; Queens; Kings and rulers; Nobility; Infants; Debts, Public; Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901; Windsor, Edward, Duke of, 1894-1972

Date: 1894-07-25

Warming up a sure winner

Description:

Puck appears as a jockey on a galloping horse labeled "Free Trade" on a racetrack labeled "International Commercial Race-Track." John Bull stands on the track next to the British Prime Minister Lord Rosebery as a jockey, sitting on a horse labeled "British Commercial Supremacy." Caption: John Bull--Good 'evins! Hif that there filly is goin' to start, hit'll go 'ard with my 'orse!

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: John Bull (Symbolic character); Commerce; International relations; Free trade--Protection; Horse racing; Racetracks (Horse racing); Horses; Jockeys

Date: 1894-08-01

The American farmer - where he has to sell, and where he has to buy

Description:

Print shows Uncle Sam as an American farmer trying to sell his products labeled "Pork, Wheat, Butter, Beef, Oats," and corn overseas where there is stiff "Open Competition" at the "Market of the World" represented by John Bull labeled "England" and "Germany, Russia, South America, [and] Australia." In a vignette, Uncle Sam is shown at "The McKinley Home Market and High Prices" looking at the merchandise for sale, where all the items that he needs have been "Marked Up" 35% to 45%; McKinley offers him a new coat that has been marked Up 35%.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); John Bull (Symbolic character); Farmers; Tariff; International trade--Prices; Markets; McKinley, William, 1843-1901

Date: 1894-08-15

A relic of the dark ages

Description:

John Bull stands in the "House of Lords," looking over a curtain at an old man wearing a crown and robe, clutching a large book labeled "Mediæval Traditions of the British Peerage" and a large scroll of paper labeled "Hereditary Right to Obstruct Popular Legislation." At his feet are papers labeled "Peoples' Measures." Caption: John Bull--Roseberry [sic] says he can be mended, but I guess he'd better be ended!

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: John Bull (Symbolic character); Nobility; Divine right of kings; Legislation; Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords

Date: 1894-12-12

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