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Christmas at Washington

Description:

Several members of Congress stand around a large Christmas tree labeled "Tax Surplus" decorated with money bags labeled "Surplus." The legislators carry bags in which to place the bags of surplus they pluck from the tree. Among those identified are Charles W. Jones holding a bag labeled "Naval," William E. Chandler holding a bag labeled "Subsidies for a Merchant Steam Marine," William Mahone holding a bag labeled "Public Buildings and Grounds," John A. Logan holding a bag labeled "Appropriations" and reaching for a sack on the tree, Joseph W. Keifer lifting George M. Robeson holding a bag labeled "Partners in the New Naval Scheme," John Roach holding a bag labeled "New Navy Scheme," Henry L. Dawes holding a bag labeled "River & Harbor Bill," Francis M. Cockrell holding a bag labeled "Improvement of Mississippi River," Eugene Hale holding a bag labeled "River & Harbor Bill," John J. Ingalls holding a bag labeled "More Pensions," Benjamin F. Jonas holding a bag labeled "Improvement of Mississippi River," and Elbridge G. Lapham who is speaking to two well-dressed women, one holding a bag labeled "Lobby." Lapham is also depicted in the angel at the top of the tree holding a banner labeled "Help Yourself." Uncle Sam dances with three men in the foreground and, on the right, a lone "Taxpayer" stands outside in the snow.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Christmas; Christmas trees; Taxation; Government spending policy; Pressure groups; Legislation; Women--Civil rights; United States. Congress; Chandler, William E. (William Eaton), 1835-1917; Logan, John Alexander, 1826-1886; Dawes, Henry L. (Henry Laurens), 1816-1903; Cockrell, Francis Marion, 1834-1915; Hale, Eugene, 1836-1918; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Mahone, William, 1826-1895; Keifer, Joseph Warren, 1836-1932; Robeson, George M. (George Maxwell), 1829-1897; Roach, John, 1813-1887; Jones, Charles William, 1834-1897; Jonas, B. F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1834-1911; Lapham, Elbridge Gerry, 1814-1890

Date: 1883-12-19

John A. Logan in 1859

Description:

John Alexander Logan stands at center, holding a paper that states "No Interference with Slave-Hunters!" and looking over his left shoulder at two slave hunters rounding up a family of fugitive slaves. A similar scene is repeated in the background. Abraham Lincoln, William H. Seward, and Charles Sumner are standing on the left, watching in anger and with restraint. Caption: "You call it the dirty work of the Democratic Party to catch fugitive slaves for the Southern people. WE are willing to perform that dirty work." --John Alexander Logan, in the Illinois State Legislature, Dec. 9th, 1859.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: African Americans--Civil rights; Fugitive slaves; Bounty hunters; Logan, John Alexander, 1826-1886; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872; Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874

Date: 1884-07-09

Noxious growths in liberty's grounds

Description:

Illustration shows Uncle Sam and a female figure identified as Liberty strolling through a park among trees labeled "Equal Rights, Free Press, Free Schools, Free Speech, Free Ballot, Constitution, [and] Religious Liberty." Around the bases of the trees are many mushrooms labeled "Total Abstinence Fanatics, Monopoly, Socialist, Nihilist, Dynamiter, Communist, Anarchist, Demagogism, Bribery, [and] Corrupt," and a vine labeled "Protection" is beginning to strangle a tree labeled "Unrestricted Commerce." Puck, sitting on a tree branch, tells Uncle Sam that he needs to clear out the fungus before it destroys "Liberty's" park. Some of the mushrooms have faces that might be identified. Caption: Uncle Sam - Hello, Puck, are you "up a tree"? - Puck - No, but you will be if you don't clear this stuff out pretty soon!

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Liberty; Civil rights; Mushrooms; Anarchism; Communism; Trees; Parks; Trails

Date: 1885-02-25

The four Rips; or, twenty years behind the age

Description:

Illustration shows Uncle Sam seated at a table in front of "Uncle Sam's Inter-State Market" with a businessman labeled "Northern Capital" on the right and an agricultural producer labeled "Southern Goods - Cotton, Sugar, Tobacco, Whiskey" on the left. Standing before the table are James G. Blaine labeled "Bloody Shirt", John Sherman, Whitelaw Reid, and Joseph B. Foraker, who all have long flowing hair and beards like Rip Van Winkle; Blaine is leaning on a rifle labeled "Shot Gun." Two young African American men are sitting on a bale of cotton and a keg of "Tobacco" in the lower right corner and in the middle ground African Americans are harvesting cotton. In the background, along the shores of a harbor, is a prosperous city. Caption: Uncle Sam "My fossil friends, the War ended twenty years ago. Have you been sleeping ever since?"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: American Civil War (1861-1865); Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Van Winkle, Rip (Fictitious character); Sectionalism (United States); Businesspeople; African Americans--Civil rights; Commerce; Older people; Beards; Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893; Sherman, John, 1823-1900; Reid, Whitelaw, 1837-1912; Foraker, Joseph Benson, 1846-1917

Date: 1885-09-16

A squelcher for woman suffrage

Description:

A woman is denied the opportunity to vote because she is wearing a dress and a hat that are too wide for the narrow booths labeled, "Ballots must be prepared in these booths." A policeman is standing on the left, and, in the background, election officials are standing over the ballot box for "Election District No. 13". Caption: How can she vote, when the fashions are so wide, and the voting booths are so narrow?

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Women--Suffrage; Women's rights; Voting; Women's clothing

Date: 1894-06-06

"Independence Day" of the future

Description:

A future Fourth of July celebration is depicted where women have gained suffrage and equality. Young and old women ring a bell labeled "Equal Rights." A notice on the bell tower states "Strike Out the Word Male." Women emerge from underground and participate in a procession, marching under banners that state "United Order of Matinee Women" and "Higher Culture Division." The procession passes two statues, one of a woman holding a rolling pin labeled "Erected to the Memory of the First Woman Who Wore Breeches" and the second of an eagle wearing a bonnet, labeled "The American Bird is a Hen Eagle and Lays Eggs. [?] Blake Sculp."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Fourth of July; Fourth of July celebrations; Women's rights; Autonomy; Bells; Fantasy

Date: 1894-07-04

Puck's presidential possibilities - No. 1, The national knife-grinder

Description:

Presidential hopeful John Sherman, wearing a tall stove-pipe hat, stands in the middle of a village street, operating a grinding wheel labeled "Nomination" and sharpening a large knife labeled "Law-Breaking Strikers." Papers in his pocket are labeled "Speeches," and a sign attached to his wheel states, "Please help a poor perennial aspirant to get to the White House." Just up the street, leaning against a fence, is a man labeled "Striker." Along the street are buildings labeled "Silverites, Womans Rights, Populists, [and] Protectionists" with people standing in windows or at the door, holding large knives to be sharpened.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Presidents--Election; Peddlers; Sharpening of tools; Knives; Working class; Labor; Strikes and lockouts; Free trade--Protection; Women's rights; Sherman, John, 1823-1900

Date: 1894-08-15

At the woman's club

Description:

Print shows two fashionably dressed young women, one sitting in a chair with her left foot resting on her right knee, holding a cane and gloves, and smoking a cigarette. The other is sitting on the edge of a table, holding a paper with the word "Freedom" at the top; there is an alcoholic beverage between them. These liberated women are discussing a remark made by the husband of one of them the prior evening. Caption: "I had a row with my husband after the play, last night." / "What about?" / "He tried to call me down for going out between the acts to see a woman."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Women's rights; Sexism; Interpersonal relations; Women's clothing; Smoking; Conversation

Date: 1899-03-29

The lynching problem

Description:

Print shows a southern vigilante holding a rope with a noose and a "Sheriff" holding a paper that states "2000 dollars must be paid by the county, for each lynching. Law of South Carolina." An African American man cowers behind the sheriff. A large building labeled "Courthouse" is in the background. Caption: If motives of humanity and justice won't stop them, may be this will.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: African Americans--Civil rights; Lynching; Sheriffs; Legislation; Courthouses; Vigilance committees; South Carolina

Date: 1899-06-14

An unequal contest; they can find no flaw in his armor

Description:

Print shows diminutive gladiators labeled "Jones," "J.D. Sayers" with large sword labeled "State Anti-Trust Laws," "Bryan" with large sword labeled "Demagogism," "Hearst," "Pingree," "Hogg of Texas" with sword labeled "State Law," Theodore Roosevelt with sword labeled "Roosevelt," and "Alger," and also Joseph Pulitzer. A crowd in the background carries banners that state "Down with Trusts" and "Down with Dept. Stores." They are struggling against a large gladiator wearing armor labeled "Trusts, Power to Undersell Competitors, Vested Rights, Right to Buy and Sell, Natural Right of Association, Business Progress, Steady Work, [and] Payment of Good Wages." The gladiator is carrying a shield labeled "Constitution of the U.S." and a sword labeled "Low Prices."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Civil rights; States' rights (American politics); Antitrust law; Trusts, Industrial; Gladiators; Armor; Sayers, Joseph Draper, 1841-1929; Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925; Hearst, William Randolph, 1863-1951; Pulitzer, Joseph, 1847-1911; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919; Alger, R. A. (Russell Alexander), 1836-1907; Hogg, James Stephen, 1851-1906; Pingree, Hazen S., 1840-1901; Jones, James K. (James Kimbrough), 1839-1908

Date: 1899-07-26

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