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The anti-Chinese wall

Description:

Print shows Uncle Sam using "Congressional Mortar" and building blocks carried by ethnic workers to construct a wall with the stones. The stones are labeled "Law against Race, Prejudice, Jealousy, Competition, Fear, Anti Low Wages, Non-Reciprocity, [and] Congressional Blunders." Across a river, in the background, Chinese workers work with picks to dismantle the Great Wall, as China opens its doors to trading with the West.  Caption: The American wall goes up as the Chinese original goes down.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Stone walls; Racism; Ethnicity; Foreign workers; China--Great Wall of China

Date: 1882-03-29

Celestial wrath

Description:

Startled French soldiers in rice paddies confront an angry blazing sun rimmed with cannon barrels and bayonets, and stating "Population 500,000,000." Signs labeled "Malaria, Disease, [and] Fever," as well as Chinese soldiers also face them. Caption: China - "I will make it HOT for you!"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Diseases; Heat; Bayonets; Rice; Armies--French colonies; Asian colonies; Ordnance; Indochina; France; Asia; China

Date: 1883-09-12

A surprise to themselves

Description:

At center, a Mahdi soldier and a Chinese soldier gloat over recent victories. On the left, the British army is routed by Mahdi forces in the Sudan, and on the right, the French army is routed by Chinese forces in "Tonquin" (i.e., Tonkin or North Vietnam). Caption: El Mahdi and John Chinaman - "Great Scott! What terrible fellows we are!"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: International relations; Battles; Soldiers; Triumph; Great Britain; France; China; Sudan; Vietnam (Republic)

Date: 1885-04-08

Keeping account

Description:

Uncle Sam prepares a list of places in China where "Americans [have been] killed by Chinese," and a Chinese man prepares a list of places in America where "Chinese [have been] killed by Americans," including the latest incident in "Wyoming Territory." Caption: China "Taking in the late massacre of my people in Wyoming Territory, there seems to be a slight balance to my credit!"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Rock Springs Massacre (Wyoming : 1885); Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Accounting; Death; Symbolism; China; United States

Date: 1885-09-16

Hobson's choice - you can go or stay

Description:

A man wearing a hat labeled "Oregon," and holding two handguns, gives Chinese men a "Hobson's choice" or the option of leaving by jumping off a cliff into the sea below (on the right) or staying and being shot to death (on the left). At his feet is a "Treaty with China" torn in half.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Chinese; Race discrimination; Treaties; Oregon; China

Date: 1886-02-24

Letter from Hermann Speck von Sternburg to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Hermann Speck von Sternburg reports on the fighting between Japanese and Chinese forces in Manchuria. He finds the Chinese ill prepared both on land and sea to meet the Japanese offensive and believes the Japanese could approach Peking within two months. In the naval battle of Yalu, for instance, the Chinese had the wrong ammunition on their ships. Had they had the right ammunition, they ought to have won the battle and kept control of the sea.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895); Military readiness; Naval battles; China; Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924; Lodge, Anna Cabot Mills Davis, 1850-1915; Roosevelt, Edith Kermit Carow, 1861-1948; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1887-1944

Date: 1895-02-19

According to the ideas of our missionary maniacs, the Chinaman must be converted, even if it takes the whole military and naval forces of the two greatest nations of the world to do it

Description:

A British missionary with a bag labeled "£ for Foreign Missions" at his feet and an American missionary with a bag labeled "$" at her feet preach to a Chinese man. At the far left are soldiers of the "English Army" and battleships of the "R.N." with guns labeled "Good Samaritan" and "Revivalist." On the far right are soldiers of the "U.S.A." and battleships of the "U.S.N." with guns labeled "Psalm-Singer," "Sermonizer," and "Deacon."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Missionaries; International relations; China; United States. Navy; Great Britain. Navy Department

Date: 1895-09-25

Misery loves company

Description:

Three men holding spoons labeled "Russia, England, [and] Japan" attempt to force a large pill labeled "Ultimatum" from an "International Pill Box" into a despairing Chinese man sitting on a throne with a large pillow behind him. The three men have the attributes of Nicholas II, Emperor of Russia, Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and Meiji, Emperor of Japan. The sultan of Turkey is sitting on the left, smoking a hookah. Caption: The Sultan--Allah be praised! - Now that they've got another "Sick Man," maybe they'll let up on me a little! 

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: International relations; Sultans; Commerce; Sick; China; Russia (Federation); Great Britain; Turkey; Nicholas II, Emperor of Russia, 1868-1918; Salisbury, Robert Cecil, Marquess of, 1830-1903; Meiji, Emperor of Japan, 1852-1912

Date: 1895-11-06

The gay Lothario of Europe

Description:

A man labeled "Russia" stands with several women, representing various countries, around him. The women each hold a note from Russia proclaiming his love and affections. "Gt. Britain" is standing on the far left, the only one not to receive a declaration of love from Russia. Caption: Most of the ruling belles of the world have had rose-colored declarations of love from him, and he is still looking for fresh conquests.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: International relations; Courtship; Russia; Austria; Great Britain; Italy; United States; China; France; Germany

Date: 1897-10-27

An unforeseen emergency

Description:

The Emperor of China, sitting on a throne, seeks advice from a wise minister, as foreign ships, from England, Germany, Japan, France, and other countries, approach in the background. Caption: The Emperor of China--Tell me, most wise counselor, what advice does Confucius give concerning such a situation as this? / Li Hung Chang--I fear, Your Majesty, that Confucius is a back number. He never dreamed of such an exhibition of gall as this.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Emperors; Imperialism; Commerce; Wisdom; China

Date: 1898-01-26

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