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Telegram from William H. Taft to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Governor Taft begins with questions about what should be done in a libel case between Francis B. Loomis and Herbert W. Bowen. He then delves into foreign policy, particularly a dispute between President Castro of Venezuela and an American asphalt company. Taft believes a war with Venezuela can and should be avoided, at least until Congressional approval. Taft would like to send William W. Russell to Venezuela, presumably in a diplomatic capacity. (Description from deciphered transcript.)

Resource Type: Telegram

Subject: Cipher and telegraph codes; International relations; Asphalt industry; Diplomatic and consular service, American--Selection and appointment; Venezuela; Colombia; Latin America; Loomis, Francis B. (Francis Butler), 1861-1948; Bowen, Herbert Wolcott, 1856-1927; Castro, Cipriano, 1856?-1924; Barrett, John, 1866-1938; Russell, William Worthington, 1859-1944

Date: 1902-04-27

Letter from Richard Harding Davis to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Richard Harding Davis has been traveling in Latin America and met with President Cipriano Castro of Venezuela. Castro said he is going to send President Roosevelt's son Ted two Venezuelan ponies, and he gave Davis the Grand Cross of the Order of Bolivia. Davis jokes about how he helped run the Venezuelan government but is not respected by the United States. Davis plans to take a trip to Madrid for the Spanish coronation and plans to write about his experiences for Scribner's or Colliers.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Wit and humor; Coronations; Spain; Venezuela; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1887-1944; Castro, Cipriano, 1856?-1924

Date: 1902-04-27

Telegram from William H. Taft to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Transcript of a telegram that was received in code. Governor Taft begins with questions about what should be done in a libel case between Francis B. Loomis and Herbert W. Bowen. He then delves into foreign policy, particularly a dispute between President Castro of Venezuela and an American asphalt company. Taft believes a war with Venezuela can and should be avoided, at least until Congressional approval. Taft would like to send William W. Russell to Venezuela, presumably in a diplomatic capacity.

Resource Type: Telegram

Subject: International relations; Asphalt industry; Diplomatic and consular service, American--Selection and appointment; Venezuela; Colombia; Latin America; Loomis, Francis B. (Francis Butler), 1861-1948; Bowen, Herbert Wolcott, 1856-1927; Castro, Cipriano, 1856?-1924; Barrett, John, 1866-1938; Russell, William Worthington, 1859-1944

Date: 1902-04-27?

Memorandum on Venezuelan Revenue

Description:

List of considerations that need to be taken into account when discussing the Venezuelan debt owed to Germany.

Resource Type: Memorandum

Subject: International relations; Debtor and creditor; Venezuela; Germany; Castro, Cipriano, 1856?-1924

Date: 1902-05-30?

The trap that failed

Description:

Cipriano Castro, President of Venezuela, hides behind a large rock, hoping that the large claw-type animal trap labeled "Monroe Doctrine" he set will prove effective in preventing the British Lion, a cat labeled "Italy" with the face of Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy, and a boar labeled "Germany" with the face of William II, Emperor of Germany, from coming ashore to demand payment of international debts.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Animal traps; Blockade; Debt--Public; International relations; Monroe doctrine; Germany; Great Britain; Italy; Venezuela; Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy, 1869-1947; William II, German Emperor, 1859-1941; Castro, Cipriano, 1856?-1924

Date: 1903-02-11

Memorandum for William Loeb

Description:

Memorandum with congratulatory telegrams for President Roosevelt from President Castro of Venezuela and Shah Muzaffar al-Din of Iran.

Resource Type: Memorandum

Subject: International relations; Venezuela; Iran; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919; Castro, Cipriano, 1856?-1924

Date: 1903-07-06

Report from Herbert Wolcott Bowen to John Hay

Description:

Herbert Wolcott Bowen reports the awards of the mixed commissions paid to various countries by Venezuela. He does not believe this rate of repayment will be maintained, since President Castro is likely to violate his agreements with foreign powers. Bowen encloses two confidential reports. The first report, titled "Grievances Formulated Since the Blockade by the Legations Accredited to Caracas," describes the complaints that several countries have against Venezuela and Castro. Grievances include the withdrawal of exequaturs, failure to pay debts, despoliation of companies, and assassinations. Based on the government revenue and expenditures of Venezuela, it is not clear what has happened to the surplus money, half of which would be a sufficient amount to pay off the debts. The second report, which is from the Italian Chargé, lists the complaints against Venezuela and notes that the Venezuelan people are suffering from monopolies and taxes. It asks, "Where do the 40 millions surplus go which should be in the treasury but are not there?"

Resource Type: Report

Subject: Debts, Public; Political corruption; Political crimes and offenses; Diplomatic and consular service; Waste in government spending; Expenditures, Public; Abuse of administrative power; Venezuela--Caracas; Venezuela. President (1900-1908 : Castro); Castro, Cipriano, 1856?-1924

Date: 1904-08-20

Letter from Herbert Wolcott Bowen to John Hay

Description:

Herbert Wolcott Bowen reports on President Castro's "disregard of his duties and obligations to foreigners and to foreign Nations." Bowen describes the French minister's meeting to show that Castro is "a man without any sense of honor or dignity" and to argue that the United States should insist on having an umpire named if they plan to propose an arbitration. Bowen believes that Castro "should be given a severe lesson" and that the use of force is necessary, outlining a plan to seize two custom houses. Bowen informs Secretary of State Hay that he will take a short vacation unless Hay wants to immediately defend the rights of the Asphalt Company.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Political corruption; Diplomatic and consular service; Dictators; Abuse of administrative power; Venezuela; Venezuela. President (1900-1908 : Castro); Castro, Cipriano, 1856?-1924; Sanabria, Gustavo J.

Date: 1904-08-21

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to John Hay

Description:

Theodore Roosevelt has received unexpected support in his campaign and wonders if Secretary Hay has anything to do with it. President Castro appears to be riding for a fall, and if he misbehaves Roosevelt believes the custom house should be put in the hands of the Belgians.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Political campaigns; International relations; Belgium; Venezuela; Roche, James Jeffrey, 1847-1908; Castro, Cipriano, 1856?-1924

Date: 1904-08-30

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to Charles H. Tweed

Description:

Secretary of War Root has written to President Roosevelt about appointing a member to the commission that is working out a solution to the Venezuela debt crisis. Secretary of State Hay has reservations about the proposed arrangement. Roosevelt would like Root, Hay, and himself to discuss Charles H. Tweed's proposition.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Banks and banking; Debt; International relations; Venezuela; England; France; Germany; Newfoundland and Labrador; Washington (D.C.); Netherlands--Hague; Root, Elihu, 1845-1937; Hay, John, 1838-1905; Castro, Cipriano, 1856?-1924

Date: 1904-09-07

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