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Crowding the cabinet-making business

Description:

Newspaper editors present their candidates for government appointments. James Gordon "Bennett" holds up a bust of Roscoe Conkling labeled "Sect. Interior," with a tray labeled "Bennett's Beauties" at his feet. Whitelaw "Reid" holds a tray labeled "Please choose these and suit us, Blaine & Reid," on which are busts labeled "KKK" for "Sec'y Interior, Sec'y of War, [and] Treasury." Joseph "Pulitzer" holds up a tray labeled "The World for Pulitzer" on which are busts of himself. Charles A. Dana carries a tray labeled "Dana's Darlings" with busts of John "Kelly," Thomas F. "Grady," George M. "Robeson," Samuel S. "Cox," and Benjamin F. Butler. There is also a man carrying a basket labeled "Hens' Rights Heroines" with busts of "Lockwood, E.C. Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Phoebe Cozzens [sic], [and] Lucy Stone." President Cleveland is visible through a window on the right, conducting interviews for cabinet positions. Caption: Chorus of Journalistic Candidate-Peddlers - "Here y'are now! - I've got the only genuine article! - Don't mind that other fellow!"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Patronage, Political; Newspaper editors; Cabinet officers; Cabinet officers; Cabinet officers--Selection and appointment; Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908; Reid, Whitelaw, 1837-1912; Pulitzer, Joseph, 1847-1911; Lockwood, Belva Ann, 1830-1917; Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906; Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815-1902; Grady, Thomas Francis, 1853-1912; Bennett, James Gordon, 1841-1918; Conkling, Roscoe, 1829-1888; Kelly, John, 1821-1886; Robeson, George M. (George Maxwell), 1829-1897; Butler, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1818-1893; Dana, Charles A. (Charles Anderson), 1819-1897; Couzins, Phoebe, 1842-1913; Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893; Cox, Samuel Sullivan, 1824-1889

Date: 1884-12-17

A moment of anxiety - who is going to get left?

Description:

President Cleveland, as Santa Claus, stands in front of a fireplace where stockings are hung from the mantle. He has a large sack of toys labeled "Navy, Treasury, Interior, Justice, State, [and] War Dept." on his back, and a cat that looks like John Kelly lies at his feet. Watching from around the room are "Bayard, Randall, Cox, Barnum, McDonald, Slocum, Lamar, Morrison, [Garland], Tilden, Carlisle, Hewitt, Watterson, [and] Thurman," and asleep in a cradle labeled "Independence" is either Carl Schurz or Joseph Pulitzer.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Santa Claus; Christmas; Gifts; Fireplaces; Socks; Cabinet officers; Cabinet officers--Selection and appointment; Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908; Pulitzer, Joseph, 1847-1911; Schurz, Carl, 1829-1906; Bayard, Thomas F. (Thomas Francis), 1828-1898; Tilden, Samuel J. (Samuel Jones), 1814-1886; Carlisle, John Griffin, 1835-1910; Hewitt, Abram S. (Abram Stevens), 1822-1903; Watterson, Henry, 1840-1921; Kelly, John, 1821-1886; Randall, Samuel J. (Samuel Jackson), 1828-1890; Barnum, William Henry, 1818-1889; McDonald, Joseph E. (Joseph Ewing), 1819-1891; Lamar, L. Q. C. (Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus), 1825-1893; Garland, A. H. (Augustus Hill), 1832-1899; Tilden, Samuel J. (Samuel Jones), 1814-1886; Carlisle, John Griffin, 1835-1910; Hewitt, Abram S. (Abram Stevens), 1822-1903; Thurman, Allen Granbery, 1813-1895; Cox, Samuel Sullivan, 1824-1889; Slocum, Henry Warner, 1826-1894

Date: 1884-12-24

A civil service reform version of an old fable

Description:

Grover Cleveland, as a shepherd, stands among his flock labeled "Treasury, Supreme Bench, Office, [and] Post Office," telling a well-dressed wolf, who has a piece of paper in his pocket labeled "To the Victor Belong the Spoils," that he cannot turn out corrupt Republicans in favor of spoils-hungry Democrats. Caption: President-elect Cleveland (to Democratic "Spoils" Wolf) - "I shall not discharge the corrupt Republican watch-dogs only to make room for you, my friend. That's not the kind of civil service reform I mean!"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Civil service reform; Patronage, Political; Presidents--Staff--Selection and appointment; Cabinet officers--Selection and appointment; Wolves; Sheep; Shepherds; Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908

Date: 1885-01-14

President Cleveland and his cabinet

Description:

President Cleveland sits at a desk between his cabinet members, from the left, "W. C. Whitney, Secretary of the Navy, Daniel Manning, Secretary of the Treasury, A. H. Garland, Attorney-General, T. F. Bayard, Secretary of State, W. C. Endicott, Secretary of War, W. F. Vilas, Postmaster-General, [and] L. Q. C. Lamar, Secretary of the Interior." They are in a hall lined with statues labeled "Navy, War, Justice, State, Treasury, Interior, [and] Post." On the wall at the back of the room is the following quote: "It is the duty of those serving the people in public places to closely limit public expenditures to the actual needs of the government economically administered. G. Cleveland."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Cabinet officers; Sculpture; Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908; Whitney, William C. (William Collins), 1841-1904; Bayard, Thomas F. (Thomas Francis), 1828-1898; Manning, Daniel, 1831-1887; Garland, A. H. (Augustus Hill), 1832-1899; Endicott, William Crowninshield, 1826-1900; Vilas, William F. (William Freeman), 1840-1908; Lamar, L. Q. C. (Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus), 1825-1893

Date: 1885-03-11

The rehabilitation of the Democratic party

Description:

Inside "Cleveland's Clothing Establishment," President Cleveland and Thomas F. Bayard are fitting a man labeled "Reform Democracy" with the "Thos. Jefferson Pattern," while cabinet members Lucius Q. C. Lamar, William C. Whitney, Daniel Manning, [and] Augustus H. Garland measure, cut, and sew fabric labeled "Justice, Anti-Silver Swindle, New Navy, [and] Honest Administration, Interior Department" on the left side of the shop. A sign on the wall states "No Over-Charging nor Double-Dealing" and a poster shows the "Spring 1885 Styles." Just outside the door is an old man reaching in to grab discarded rags labeled "Spoils System, Old Record, Fraud" and a shillelagh labeled "Rowdy Influence" to place in his cart labeled "G. O. Rep. Party. Highest Price Paid for Castoff Clo's." Caption: The new suit (on the Jeffersonian Pattern) doesn't quite fit yet; but we hope he will grow up to it.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Civil service reform; Cabinet officers; Tailors; Clothing trade; Ragpickers; Democratic Party (U.S.); Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ); Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908; Bayard, Thomas F. (Thomas Francis), 1828-1898; Whitney, William C. (William Collins), 1841-1904; Lamar, L. Q. C. (Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus), 1825-1893; Manning, Daniel, 1831-1887; Garland, A. H. (Augustus Hill), 1832-1899

Date: 1885-04-15

A new declaration of independence in the year 1885

Description:

President Cleveland stands at a table, his right hand on a long document labeled "Declaration of Independence July 4th 1885" that trails off the table, stating "When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for a President to dissolve the political bands which the machinery of his party has imposed upon him, he must speak in unmistakable words..." He is facing a group of men, one labeled "Tammany" and others labeled "Boss" and "Rural Boss." They are standing near a passageway labeled "Exit." Behind Cleveland are members of his cabinet, William C. Whitney, Daniel Manning, Augustus H. Garland, William F. Vilas, L. Q. C. Lamar, and Thomas F. Bayard who is holding a paper that states "The Cabinet 'Solid' on Reform." On the wall in the background is a painting showing the presentation of the "Declaration of Independence July 4th 1776".

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Cabinet officers; Civil service reform; Supervisors; Society of St. Tammany; Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908; Whitney, William C. (William Collins), 1841-1904; Bayard, Thomas F. (Thomas Francis), 1828-1898; Manning, Daniel, 1831-1887; Garland, A. H. (Augustus Hill), 1832-1899; Vilas, William F. (William Freeman), 1840-1908; Lamar, L. Q. C. (Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus), 1825-1893

Date: 1885-07-01

The administration's hardest job

Description:

President Cleveland and his cabinet officers struggle to push and pull the Democratic donkey labeled "Bourbon Democracy" into a stable labeled "Reform Stables." On the donkey's hooves, acting as brakes, are the faces of John Kelly labeled "Spoils System," Charles A. Dana labeled "Anti-Civil Service Reform," "Mclaughlin", [and] "J.R. M'Lean."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Democratic donkey (Symbolic character); Cabinet officers; Civil service reform; Stables; Democratic Party (U.S.); Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908; Whitney, William C. (William Collins), 1841-1904; Bayard, Thomas F. (Thomas Francis), 1828-1898; McLean, John Roll, 1848-1916; Manning, Daniel, 1831-1887; Garland, A. H. (Augustus Hill), 1832-1899; Vilas, William F. (William Freeman), 1840-1908; Endicott, William Crowninshield, 1826-1900; Kelly, John, 1821-1886; McLaughlin, Hugh, 1827-1904; Dana, Charles A. (Charles Anderson), 1819-1897

Date: 1885-07-22

Our government farm -- President Cleveland finds an effectual protection against the twenty-five-year locusts

Description:

President Cleveland stands directly behind a wall of flames labeled "Civil Service Reform." Behind him, working on the "Government Farm," are members of his cabinet: William C. Endicott with a hoe, Lucius Q. C. Lamar kneeling before a newly planted tree, Thomas F. Bayard working on a tree labeled "State Department," Daniel Manning holding a pot labeled "Treasury," Augustus H. Garland with a shovel, William C. Whitney adding supports to a tree labeled "Navy Department," and William F. Vilas with a watering can. In the foreground, locusts driven back by the smoke and overcome by the fumes lie on the ground and are about to be consumed by the flames. The locusts include "Kelly, Dugro, Voorhees, Blackburn, McLean, Dana, Butler, H. O. Thompson, Chenowith, Higgins, [and] Aquila Jones." Two that seem unaffected are labeled "Hendricks" carrying a banner that states "To the Victors belong the Spoils" and "McLoughlin" [sic].

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Civil service reform; Farmers; Cabinet officers; Locusts; Fires; Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908; Bayard, Thomas F. (Thomas Francis), 1828-1898; Whitney, William C. (William Collins), 1841-1904; Blackburn, Joseph C. S. (Joseph Clay Stiles), 1838-1918; Hendricks, Thomas A. (Thomas Andrews), 1819-1885; McLaughlin, Hugh, 1827-1904; Lamar, L. Q. C. (Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus), 1825-1893; Kelly, John, 1821-1886; Dana, Charles A. (Charles Anderson), 1819-1897; Butler, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1818-1893; Manning, Daniel, 1831-1887; Endicott, William Crowninshield, 1826-1900; Garland, A. H. (Augustus Hill), 1832-1899; Vilas, William F. (William Freeman), 1840-1908; Dugro, Philip Henry, 1855-1920; Voorhees, Charles S. (Charles Stewart), 1853-1909; Thompson, Hubert O. (Hubert Ogden), 1848-1886; Jones, Aquilla, 1836-1888

Date: 1885-09-02

The opium-joint of the Republican "irreconcilables" -- a cheap way of being happy

Description:

In an opium den labeled "Bloody Shirt Joint - Blaine and Reid Managers," James G. Blaine passes out pipes labeled "Tribune Editorials, Blaine's Augusta Speech, Blaine Speeches, [and] Speeches" to fellow Republicans labeled "Chandler, J. Roach, Evarts, Cornell, Logan, Hoar, Foraker, J. Sherman, Brady, Dorsey, [and] Reid," Unidentified is Elihu Root and the man dreaming of becoming the "Secy. of Navy." They have resorted to opium as the panacea for their political woes and while in their drug-induced stupor they dream of Blaine's ascendancy to the presidential throne and of themselves becoming members of Blaine's cabinet.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Opium; Dreams; Cabinet officers; Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893; Reid, Whitelaw, 1837-1912; Root, Elihu, 1845-1937; Logan, John Alexander, 1826-1886; Hoar, George Frisbie, 1826-1904; Sherman, John, 1823-1900; Foraker, Joseph Benson, 1846-1917; Chandler, William E. (William Eaton), 1835-1917; Brady, Thomas Jefferson, 1839-1904; Dorsey, Stephen Wallace, 1842-1916; Evarts, William Maxwell, 1818-1901; Cornell, Alonzo B., 1832-1904; Roach, John, 1813-1887

Date: 1885-09-23

Thanksgiving Day, 1885

Description:

President Cleveland stands at the head of a table with his cabinet officers around the table at placemats labeled "Bayard, Manning, Garland, Whitney, Lamar, Endicott, [and] Vilas," as Puck delivers a large turkey on a platter labeled "With Compliments of all Good Citizens." A notice on the wall in the background states "Public Office is a Public Trust." The centerpiece on the table is labeled "Prosperity."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Presidents--Staff; Thanksgiving Day; Cabinet officers; Dinners and dining; Turkeys; Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908; Bayard, Thomas F. (Thomas Francis), 1828-1898; Whitney, William C. (William Collins), 1841-1904; Lamar, L. Q. C. (Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus), 1825-1893; Manning, Daniel, 1831-1887; Garland, A. H. (Augustus Hill), 1832-1899; Lamar, L. Q. C. (Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus), 1825-1893; Endicott, William Crowninshield, 1826-1900; Vilas, William F. (William Freeman), 1840-1908

Date: 1885-11-25

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