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Reciprocity

Description:

The writer argues in favor of removing the American tariff on hides. The writer asserts that no American industry will be harmed and valuable concessions can be acquired from hide producing countries, particularly Argentina.

Resource Type: Newspaper article

Subject: Reciprocity (Commerce); Tariff on hides; Hides and skins industry--Government policy; International trade; Argentina; Brazil; Cuba; United States; McKinley, William, 1843-1901; Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893

Date: 1901-09-28

Memorandum of information for the Secretary of the Navy

Description:

Captain Sigsbee presents two translations of German newspaper articles received from consular agents in Germany. The first article discusses Germany's intent to promote immigration to South America and focuses on available economic opportunities for the German people. It claims that the United States ignored the Monroe doctrine by annexing Cuba, Puerto Rico, Hawaii, and the Philippines. The second article states Germany should not try to establish itself in South America as it would not be able to maintain long term control.

Resource Type: Memorandum

Subject: German newspapers; Monroe doctrine; Emigration and immigration; Colonization; International relations; Germany; South America; Brazil; United States. Navy Department. Bureau of Navigation; United States. Department of State; United States. Consular Service

Date: 1901-10-25

Dr. Pinilla's memorandum of April 1st to Dr. Magalhaes

Description:

Dr. Pinilla, representing Bolivia, offers the Brazilian government an opportunity to take part in a commercial contract for the development of Acre territory.

Resource Type: Memorandum

Subject: Commercial treaties; International relations; Bolivia; Brazil; Brazil--Acre

Date: 1902-04-01

Letter from Olyntho de Magalhaes to Claudio Pinilla

Description:

Dr. Magalhaes raises several questions to Dr. Pinilla regarding a treaty between Bolivia and Brazil, primarily to the extent of business concessions. He argues that the original treaty was mutually beneficial, but that a new monopoly would lead to the nomination of consular agents that the Brazilian government will not recognize.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Commercial treaties; International relations; Monopolies; Bolivia; Brazil--Acre

Date: 1902-04-14

Letter from Olyntho de Magalhaes to Claudio Pinilla

Description:

Brazil and Bolivia are attempting to work out a treaty dealing with business concessions in the Acre Territory. Magalhaes, representing Brazil, is concerned that business interests will be given too much sovereignty and police powers. He argues that a section of the treaty that allows the commercial syndicate given the lease of the land under consideration will be able to set up their own defense force with boats to police the river. He wonders who this force would be accountable to. This group would, in effect, have more control than the Bolivian government.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Treaties; Commercial treaties; International relations; Bolivia; Brazil; Brazil--Acre

Date: 1902-04-14

Enclosure 3 with #430: Letter from Claudio Pinilla to Olynthe de Magalhaes

Description:

Dr. Pinilla lays out the Bolivian point of view on a potential treaty with Brazil pertaining to the Acre territory. There is concern over some provisions of a new commercial and territorial treaty that Brazil supports. Brazilian interests in the Acre Territory threaten Bolivia in some ways. There is the possibility of a private police force that has Brazilians worried, but Pinilla tried to make the Brazilians comfortable that any force would be under the control of the Bolivian government. He promises the protection of any Brazilian citizens already living in the area under question. Pinilla points out that Bolivia has never attempted to take a foot of foreign territory and that there has already been a joint survey as to the border between Javary and Madeira.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Treaties; International relations; Borderlands; Brazil; Bolivia

Date: 1902-05-14

Enclosure 4 with #430: Letter from Claudio Pinilla to Olynthe de Magalhaes

Description:

Claudio Pinilla has some questions regarding commercial relations and alterations to a treaty of July 2, 1896, between Brazil and Bolivia. The Brazilian government is threatening to withdraw from the previous treaty.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: International relations; Treaties; Brazil; Bolivia

Date: 1902-05-14

Translation of Article 23 and 24 of July 1896 treaty between Bolivia and Brazil

Description:

"Translation of Article 23 of the Treaty signed July 31, 1896, by representatives of Bolivia and Brasil, but not ratified by the Brasilian Congress, and now withdrawn because Bolivia has made the Aramayo Contract." Article 24 of the same treaty is translated on page 2.

Resource Type: Report

Subject: International relations; Bolivia; Brazil

Date: 1902-05-14?

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to John Hay

Description:

President Roosevelt would like to know what action is being taken in the Bolivian matter. Senator Lodge had previously written regarding Brazil interfering with Bolivian concessions to American citizens.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: International relations; Business and politics; Brazil; Bolivia; Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924

Date: 1902-07-02

Letter from John Hay to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Secretary of State Hay reports that the State Department is waiting on a report from the United States Ambassador in Brazil to discover why Brazil is opposing the Conway-Whitridge concession. Hay is waiting on the Ambassador's reply before taking further action.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Diplomatic negotiations in international disputes; Rubber industry and trade; Brazil; Whitridge, Frederick W. (Frederick Wallingford), 1852-1916; Conway, William Martin, Sir, 1856-1937

Date: 1902-07-05

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