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Letter from Walter Howard Loving to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Walter Howard Loving has heard that African Americans will not be commissioned to serve with Filipino troops in the Philippines. As such, he requests an appointment as a messenger in the United States Senate.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Armed Forces--Officers; Armed Forces--African American troops; Military policy; Race discrimination; Messengers; Employees--Appointment, qualifications, tenure, etc.; Philippines; United States. Army; United States. Congress. Senate

Date: 1901-08-25

Memorandum from R. M. O'Reilly to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Surgeon General O'Reilly argues the appointment of African American physicians is undesirable and would negatively affect the Armed Forces. These include the "repugnance" that would be felt by white families treated by an African American doctor and the complexities of rank and race in the service. O'Reilly states clearly the War Department is not concerned with the broader concept of African American rights, but with the practicalities of service conditions and morale.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Armed Forces--Appointments and retirements; Military appointments; African American surgeons; Armed Forces--African American troops; Race relations; Race relations--Government policy; Race discrimination--Government policy

Date: 1904-12-24

Memorandum from William H. Taft to Adna Romanza Chaffee

Description:

Secretary Taft provides Chief Chaffee with correspondence regarding President Roosevelt's inquiry into appointing a "colored contract surgeon."

Resource Type: Memorandum

Subject: African American surgeons; Armed Forces--African American troops; Armed Forces--Appointments and retirements; Military appointments; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919

Date: 1904-12-26

Letter from Albert Bushnell Hart to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Albert Bushnell Hart praises President Roosevelt's decision to disband the three companies of African American troops after the events of Brownsville. According to Hart, lynching was not a concern in this case and every member of the companies knew that if they told the truth about their "criminal fellows."

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Lynching; Racism; Armed Forces--African American troops; Courts; African Americans; Texas--Brownsville

Date: 1906-11-26

War and unpreparedness

Description:

Joseph W. Henderson calls for justice for "the negro," by discrimination stopping at West Point and Annapolis. A National Conference of Colored Men to be held in Rhode Island.

Resource Type: Announcement

Subject: World War (1914-1918); African Americans--Civil rights; Racism--Moral and ethical aspects; Armed Forces--African American troops; Patriotism

Date: 1917-03

Letter to William Oren Trenor

Description:

Theodore Roosevelt responds to William Oren Trenor's letter of April 14, 1917. Roosevelt says he cannot make any promises regarding Trenor's proposed African American regiment.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: World War (1914-1918); Armed Forces--African American troops; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919

Date: 1917-03-18

Plan to Organize Negro Regiment

Description:

Article discussing William Oren Trenor's plan to organize a Negro regiment in case the United States declares war on Germany, with specifications for the different companies to be raised.

Resource Type: Newspaper Article

Subject: World War (1914-1918); Armed Forces--African American troops; Trenor, William Oren, 1879-1953

Date: 1917-03-31

Letter from G. B. Bright to William Oren Trenor

Description:

This letter is a reaction to the Evening World article of March 31, 1917, regarding white officer William Oren Trenor leading a regiment of African Americans into battle. G. B. Bright inquires as to Trenor's plans and how they are progressing. Letter confirms previous correspondence.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: World War (1914-1918); Armed Forces--African American troops

Date: 1917-03-31

Letter from Winfield Scott Brown to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Winfield Scott Brown writes Theodore Roosevelt that he wishes to raise a regiment of "colored volunteers." He has met Roosevelt in the past.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: World War (1914-1918); Spanish-American War (1898); Armed Forces--African American troops; Armies--Recruiting, enlistment, etc.

Date: 1917-04

Colored citizens anxious to enlist

Description:

Article regarding the African American regiment being raised by William Oren Trenor that is causing excitement in African American men eager to enlist and white men eager to become officers in Roanoke, Virginia.

Resource Type: Newspaper Article

Subject: World War (1914-1918); Armed Forces--African American troops; Armies--Recruiting, enlistment, etc.; Virginia--Roanoke; Trenor, William Oren, 1879-1953

Date: 1917-04-01

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