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The hoaxer hoaxed

Description:

Print shows New York Herald editor James Gordon Bennett, holding a shotgun and carrying a bag labeled "Game Bag for Sensations J.G. Bennett", standing next to a scarecrow labeled "$500.00 Herald Cheque" and "This is not the Original Hartman"; the scarecrow, armed with bombs, a knife and a handgun, looks like Leo Hartmann who was apparently involved in the 1879 assassination attempt of Alexander II, Emperor of Russia. Looking over a stone wall is Secretary of State James G. Blaine who stated in the press that he could not make a statement regarding the extradition of Hartmann prior to a request for such action by Russian authorities. In the background, on a mound of earth labeled "Russia", Alexander III, Emperor of Russia, is sitting on a large chair labeled "Chair of Alexander III", reading the "New York Herald"; an opening in the chair is labeled "The Real and Only Hartman Private Office" and shows a man who also looks like Leo Hartmann, waving. Caption: J.G.B. This has been a hard hunt for a sham Hartmann!

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Assassination; Anarchists; Intervention (International law); Scarecrows; Hunting; Russia (Federation); Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893; Alexander II, Emperor of Russia, 1818-1881

Date: 1881-09-07

Under false colors

Description:

James Russell Lowell, minister to England, turns his back on an Irishman who is dressed like Uncle Sam and is in the custody of the British military for anarchistic activities. Lowell holds a paper that states, "All such persons should be made to understand distinctly that they cannot be Irishmen and Americans at the same time! J. R. Lowell." Caption: Minister Lowell--"No, sir, you are not the kind of American citizen I am sent here to protect!"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Diplomats; Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); International relations; Soldiers; Anarchism; Irish; Great Britain; Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891

Date: 1882-03-22

Too weak to fight - too old to run

Description:

The British Lion carries W. E. Gladstone, dressed as a woman, on his back, as they head into the sea after departing the "British Consul" in advance of "Anarchy, Riot, [and] Bloodshed." The lion is labeled "Moral Complicity, British Prestige, Peril, Profits, [and] Responsibilities." Gladstone's dress is labeled "Vacillation, Procrastination, Irish Trouble, [and] Timidity." On the shore is a set of jaws labeled "Brag & Bluster," and the lion is stepping on a gunboat labeled "Thunderer."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: International relations; Relations with Great Britain; Anarchism; Great Britain; Gladstone, W. E. (William Ewart), 1809-1898

Date: 1882-06-21

The coming conflagration in the European forest

Description:

Illustration shows a scene in a dark forest with a group of men labeled "Irish Invincibles, Nihilists, Austrian Socialists, German Artisans, Republicans, Fanatical Irredentists, [and] Black Hand" carrying torches or flaming sticks of dynamite and bombs, disturbing the slumber of various forest creatures labeled "France, Austria, Russia, Spain, Greece, Sweden, Germany, [and] Italy" and the British Lion heading for its lair labeled "India, Africa Malta, Canada, [and] Egypt." A group of businessmen with a firefighter's water pump labeled "Middle Class Conservatism" are hoping to extinguish the flames.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Anarchists; System theory--Political aspects; Fire extinction--Equipment and supplies; Forests and forestry; Europe

Date: 1883-03-21

The U.S. Hotel badly needs a "bouncer"

Description:

Illustration shows the lobby of the U.S. Hotel with Uncle Sam and Puck behind the front desk on the left, at center is Chester Alan Arthur as the "U.S. Hotel Presidential Bouncer" who is clearing the lobby of agitators, among them are Patrick "Egan," Johann "Most," Patrick Joseph "Sheridan," Justus "Schwab," and "O'Donovan Rossa," with Charles "Parnell" standing just outside the door looking in. A notice on the wall states "U.S. Hotel - Rules and Regulations - Guests are Required to Preserve Order - No Bomb-Throwing; No Incendiary Talk; No Communism; No Fenianism".

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Anarchists; Hotels--Employees; Violence; Arthur, Chester Alan, 1829-1886; Egan, Patrick, 1841-; Parnell, Charles Stewart, 1846-1891; O’Donovan Rossa, Jeremiah, 1831-1915; Most, Johann Joseph, 1846-1906; Schwab, Justus, 1847-1900

Date: 1883-03-28

Thanksgiving

Description:

Print shows Uncle Sam, Columbia, and Puck sitting at a table, ready to enjoy a Thanksgiving turkey dinner in a gallery with paintings on the wall in the background. Uncle Sam is gesturing toward these paintings, which depict Irish uprisings and unrest in England, volcanoes in Java, earthquakes in Italy, "Cholera" as the grim reaper in Egypt, French colonialism, anarchy in Spain, German militarism, and Alexander III, Emperor of Russia, standing on the body of a peasant in a painting titled "Russian Reform." On the far right, at a dock labeled "U.S. Navy," a ship in disrepair leans to one side. A bulldog gnaws on a bone labeled "New York" beneath a bench on the left. Caption: Uncle Sam "Well, we seem to be getting along a little better than the rest of the world, and if we can't be thankful for all that we have, we may at least be thankful that there are some things we haven't."

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Uncle Sam (Symbolic character); Columbia (Symbolic character); Thanksgiving Day; Dinners and dining; Turkeys; Art museums; International relations; Anarchism; Alexander II, Emperor of Russia, 1818-1881

Date: 1883-11-28

Gorilla warfare under the protection of the American flag

Description:

Illustration shows Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa swinging like a gorilla from an American flag and dropping dynamite bombs on England.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Anarchists; Guerrillas; Bombings; Dynamite; Gorilla; O’Donovan Rossa, Jeremiah, 1831-1915

Date: 1884-03-19

Ireland's evil genius

Description:

Illustration shows "Britannia" standing on the left, holding "Concessions to Ireland" and "Hibernia" standing on the right in a militant pose; between them is a nasty looking man with two "Dynamite" bombs slung over his shoulders.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Britannia (Symbolic character); Autonomy and independence movements; International relations--Foreign countries; Women's clothing--Symbolic aspects; Anarchism; Dynamite; Stereotypes (Social psychology); Great Britain; Ireland

Date: 1884-06-11

The opening of the "aggressive" campaign

Description:

Illustration shows Whitelaw Reid, in the dark shadows of a street, pouring alcohol from a large jug labeled "Tribune Tonic Crooked Campaign Brand" into the open mouth of an Irish man wearing a plumed hat, a cape labeled "Plumed Dynamiters' League," and holding a large knife labeled "Blind Animosity" and a stick with a bomb attached to the end. Stephen B. Elkins, crouched behind Reid, is keeping a lookout; both are wearing plumed hats. On the wall behind them is a notice that states "Grand Mass-Meeting! Mr. W. Reid will speak on 'The spread of American Ideas among the Irish'". Puck's "Independent" Party figure is walking down the street with Grover Cleveland.

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Presidents--Elections; Anarchists; Political corruption; Reid, Whitelaw, 1837-1912; Elkins, Stephen B. (Stephen Benton), 1841-1911; Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908

Date: 1884-08-06

How do they like it themselves?

Description:

Illustration shows Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa and Johann J. Most shocked by sudden attempts of violence against them. At their feet are headlines from the "United Irishmen" and "Freiheit" that state "Sacrifice Women Children and Everybody - Anything to Raise Subscriptions to the Fund! O'D. Rossa" and "Dynamite Everybody Herr Most." Caption: Horrified Apostles of Violence - "Begob, the flag has gone back on us!"

Resource Type: Cartoon

Subject: Anarchists; Violence; Irish; Most, Johann Joseph, 1846-1906; O’Donovan Rossa, Jeremiah, 1831-1915

Date: 1885-02-11

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