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State convention colored citizens

Description:

The state convention of African American Republican voters will meet in Austin, Texas, on October 24, 1899. The convention will be comprised of one delegate for every 150 African American men.

Resource Type: Newspaper article

Subject: Race relations--Political aspects; African Americans--Politics and government; Equality before the law--U.S. states; Community organization--Management; Political party organization; Texas--Austin

Date: 1899-08-31

Letter from T. R. Campbell to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

T. R. Campbell owns and operates a mill in North Carolina that is being boycotted because he hired African American employees and treated them well. He argues in favor of better treatment, but not social equality, for African Americans. Campbell requests funding so that he can continue his work and "make a great success for Christ and the Party."

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Finance, Personal; Race discrimination; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Politics and government; North Carolina

Date: 1901-08-24

Letter from Austin Foy to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

On behalf of the African American citizens of Atlanta, Georgia, Austin Foy invites Vice President Roosevelt to speak at Saint Paul's Episcopal Church during his visit to the city.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Speeches, addresses, etc.; Travel--Planning; Politicians--Travel; African Americans--Politics and government; Georgia--Atlanta

Date: 1901-09-02

Roosevelt and the South

Description:

The writer supports President Roosevelt's consultations with Booker T. Washington regarding Southern policy and political appointments. Under Republican administrations, Southern appointments have been controlled by professional, machine politicians that don't look after the best interests of their communities. Roosevelt appears to be making an effort to alter the situation.

Resource Type: Newspaper article

Subject: Employees--Appointment, qualifications, tenure, etc.; Political ethics; Political parties--Planning; Political parties--Philosophy; African Americans--Politics and government; Race relations; Southern States; Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ); Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919; Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915; McKinley, William, 1843-1901

Date: 1901-10-01

President Roosevelt and the Southern problem

Description:

The newspaper article disparages the use of political appointments to maintain control of Southern African American delegations for "trades and spoils" at the national convention. This practice upsets white Southerners and keeps the "Solid South" behind the Democratic Party.

Resource Type: Newspaper article

Subject: Employees--Appointment, qualifications, tenure, etc.; African Americans--Politics and government; Race relations; Political conventions; Political parties--Philosophy; Political parties--Planning; Southern States; Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ); Democratic Party (U.S.); Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919

Date: 1901-10-01

Letter from Booker T. Washington to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Booker T. Washington will have the information on Alabama and Texas appointments within a few days. He is soon leaving for a trip through Mississippi and will summarize conditions in the state. Washington defends the character of the African Americans holding public office in Georgia and believes objections brought against them will be based on race.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Employees--Appointment, qualifications, tenure, etc.; African Americans--Politics and government; Racism; Alabama; Texas; Mississippi; Georgia

Date: 1901-10-01

Letter from Booker T. Washington to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Booker T. Washington has investigated the conditions in Georgia and concluded that attacks against African American office holders are based on race and not character or ability. Washington also provides advice on government appointments in Alabama.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Employees--Appointment, qualifications, tenure, etc.; African Americans--Politics and government; Racism; Race discrimination; Georgia; Alabama

Date: 1901-10-04

Telegram from Booker T. Washington to Emmett J. Scott

Description:

Booker T. Washington reports what he knows about a certain person and his political convictions. He notes that the party voted for John M. Palmer and Simon Bolivar Buckner of the National Democratic Party in 1896, but entered the Democratic primaries in 1900 to help defeat the nomination of William Jennings Bryan. Washington suggests their friends be advised to appoint a Montgomery man to represent the "best class of white people" and to appoint William Demos Crum as internal revenue collector for South Carolina, representing the "best class of colored."

Resource Type: Telegram

Subject: Presidents--Election; Presidents--Nomination; Allegiance; Employees--Appointment, qualifications, tenure, etc.; African Americans--Politics and government; Alabama--Montgomery; Democratic Party (U.S.); Palmer, John M. (John McAuley), 1817-1900; Buckner, Simon Bolivar, 1823-1914; Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925; Crum, William Demos, 1859-1912

Date: 1901-10-04

Letter from A. H. Whitfield to Theodore Roosevelt

Description:

Judge Whitfield commends President Roosevelt for his actions since succeeding to the presidency, treatment of the south, and appointment of former Governor Jones. Whitfield suggests that Roosevelt build the Nicaragua canal, select the best men for judicial openings, avoid appointing African Americans in the south, and appoint Democrats to southern positions.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: Presidents--Succession; Sectionalism (United States); Judges--Selection and appointment; Canals, Interoceanic; Employees--Appointment, qualifications, tenure, etc.; African Americans--Politics and government; Southern States; Nicaragua; Jones, Thomas Goode, 1844-1914

Date: 1901-10-08

Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to John S. Cranston

Description:

President Roosevelt greatly admires William H. Lewis and believes any man loyal to the principles of the Republican party should support him. Unfortunately, Roosevelt cannot interfere in any local political contests.

Resource Type: Letter

Subject: African Americans--Politics and government; Elections; Political campaigns; Confidential communications; Massachusetts; Lewis, William H. (William Henry), 1868-1949

Date: 1901-10-12

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